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Family Mutillidae - Velvet Ants

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Taxonomic updates for diurnal velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) in the United States of America
By Williams, Kevin
Zootaxa, 5301(1):105-123, 2023

Phylogeny and higher classification of Mutillidae (Hymenoptera) based on morphological reanalyses
By Brothers D.J., Lelej A.S.
J. Hymenopt. Res. 60: 1-97, 2017

North American velvet ants form one of the world’s largest known Müllerian mimicry complexes
By Joseph S. Wilson Joshua P. Jahner Matthew L. Forister Erica S. Sheehan Kevin A. Williams James P. Pitts
Current Biology. VOLUME 25, ISSUE 16, PR704-R706, AUGUST 17, 2015
Full text:
Describes several Müllerian mimicry complexes in North American Mutillidae. Dasymutilla complexes are described in another paper.

Velvet Ants, Mutillidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera)
By Jeffrey C. Hertz
University of Florida, IFAS Extension, 2007
Publication EENY-378, revised 2015. Available at:

The velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) of South Carolina
By Manley D.G.
South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Tech. Bull. 1100, 55 pp., 1991

A key to genera and subgenera of Mutillidae (Hymenoptera) in America North of Mexico with description of a new genus
By Manley D.G., Pitts J.P.
J. Hym. Res. 11: 72-100, 2002

Clarification of the status of Paraferreola as an available genus name in Pompilidae, and the identity of Sphex ursus ...
By Denis J. Brothers, Arkady S. Lelej, & Kevin A. Williams
Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 91: 429-444, 2022
Full title: Clarification of the status of Paraferreola Šustera, 1912 as an available genus name in Pompilidae, and the identity of Sphex ursus Fabricius, 1793 in Mutillidae (Hymenoptera)


A revision Of Lomachaeta Mickel, with a new species of Smicromutilla Mickel (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae)
By James P. Pitts and Donald G. Manley
Zootaxa, Vol. 474, 10.11646/zootaxa.474.1.1., 2004
Smicromutilla has since been determined to be a junior synonym of Lomachaeta. (1)


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