Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 BugGuide Gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Species Protorthodes rufula - Rufous Quaker - Hodges#10557

moth - Protorthodes rufula - female Orthosia of some kind ? - Protorthodes rufula Orthosia of some kind ? - Protorthodes rufula Unknown Noctuid - Protorthodes rufula Protorthodes rufula ? - Protorthodes rufula Protorthodes rufula ? - Protorthodes rufula For Oregon and for August - Protorthodes rufula Orthosia behrensiana ? - Protorthodes rufula
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Eriopygini
Genus Protorthodes
Species rufula (Rufous Quaker - Hodges#10557)
Hodges Number
10557
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Protorthodes rufula (Grote, 1874)
Dianthoecia rufula Grote, 1874
Explanation of Names
rufula: presumably from the Latin "rufus" (red); probably refers to the color of the forewing, and is the origin of the suggested common name Rufous Quaker.
Size
Forewing length 13-16 mm (1), (2)
Identification
Adult - forewing rust-colored, reddish-brown, or dull orangish; AM, PM, and subterminal lines distinct; orbicular and reniform spots dark brownish-gray, outlined in pale scales; dark scales along veins from PM line to outer margin give subterminal area a faintly streaked appearance; fringe dark; hindwing dirty gray, paler toward base, with dark gray veins and discal spot; fringe white.
Larva - dark gray with pink or red tinge dorsally and sometimes with a bronze sheen; pale middorsal and subdorsal lines and a segmental series of dark ovoid markings. The spiracles are brown with black rims. The cervical and anal shields are white with black lateral edging, The head is pale with brown and black reticulation and coronal stripes. (1)
Range
British Columbia to California, east to at least Arizona and Utah.
Season
Adults fly mainly from April to September in California.
Food
Larval host: rosaceous trees and shrubs including Malus, Prunus, and Pyrus.
Life Cycle
Larva pupate in soil. (1)
Print References
Crumb, S.E., 1956. The Larvae of the Phalaenidae [Noctuidae]. U.S. Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 1135: 127. (3)
Lafontaine, J.D, J.B. Walsh & C.D. Ferris 2014. A revision of the genus Protorthodes McDunnough with descriptions of a new genus and four new species (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Noctuinae, Eriopygini). ZooKeys 421: 139-179 (multiple formats). (2)
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
2.A revision of the genus Protorthodes McDunnough with descriptions of a new genus and four new species
Lafontaine, J.D, J.B. Walsh & C.D. Ferris. 2014. ZooKeys 421: 139-179.
3.The Larvae of the Phalaenidae [Noctuidae]
Samuel Ebb Crumb. 1956. U.S. Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 1135: 1-356.