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Species Zaleops umbrina - Hodges#8677

Moth - Zaleops umbrina Moth - Zaleops umbrina Zaleops umbrina Erebidae? - Zaleops umbrina 2528 Patterned Moth - Zaleops umbrina Zaleops umbrina? - Zaleops umbrina Arizona Moth - Zaleops umbrina Toxonprucha scitior  Hodges #8673.2 - Zaleops umbrina
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Omopterini
Genus Zaleops
Species umbrina (Zaleops umbrina - Hodges#8677)
Hodges Number
8677
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Zaleops umbrina (Grote, 1883)
Phaeocyma umbrina Grote, 1883
* phylogenetic sequence #931004

Recent revision by Lafontaine & Schmidt (November 2011)(1): The name Zaleops paresa is now considered a dark form of Zaleops umbrina - Hodges #8677
Numbers
One Zaleops species is found in North America north of Mexico.(1)
Size
Forewing length 14-16 mm (Powell & Opler, 2009).(2)
Larvae to 30 mm (Crumb, 1956)
Identification
Larve - blackish with a pale mid-dorsal stripe; head pale with black reticulation (Crumb, 1956).
Adult - forewing orangish-brown with dark brown bands; AM line consists of dark wedge projecting from inner margin half-way to costa; dark irregular median patch narrow at inner margin, enlarging toward costa to envelop pale reniform spot; subterminal line pale, wavy; hindwing brown with dark brown bands edged with black; outer margin wavy/scalloped.

Adults have two forms:
typical form........................dark form
Range
Arizona to central Texas (Powell & Opler, 2009).
Habitat
Oak woodlands, areas with mesquite and low grasses.
Season
Adults fly from March to September in Texas, May to September in Arizona.
Food
Larval host is Acacia greggi (catclaw acacia) (Crumb, 1956).
* usda.gov - plant information
See Also
Can be confused with several Zale species.
Print References
Crumb, S. E. 1956. The larvae of the Phalaenidae. USDA Technical Bulletin 1135: 282
Grote, A. R. 1883. New species and notes on stucture of moths and genera. Canadian Entomologist 15(1): 3
Powell, J. A. & P. A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. p.260, pl.44.26 (2)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
BOLD - Barcode of Life Data Systems - species account with collection map and photos of pinned adults.
pinned adult image (Northern Arizona U.)
pinned adult images (Bruce Walsh, Moths of Southeastern Arizona)
pinned adult images plus author, date, and original genus (Harvard U., Massachusetts)
presence in Texas; list (Dale Clark, Texas)
Works Cited
1.Additions and corrections to the checklist of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico
J. Donald Lafontaine & B. Christian Schmidt. 2011. Zookeys, 149.1805.
2.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.