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Family Buprestidae - Metallic Wood-boring Beetles

Spotted Flower Buprestid - Acmaeodera ornata Black, red, & yellow bug - Acmaeodera flavomarginata Anthaxia quercata? - Anthaxia quercata Agrilus - Agrilus addendus Agrilus impexus Horn - Agrilus paraimpexus Buprestid - Brachys aeruginosus - male Jewel Beetle - Buprestis lyrata Buprestidae - Dicerca lurida
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Elateriformia)
Superfamily Buprestoidea (Metallic Wood-boring and False Jewel Beetles)
Family Buprestidae (Metallic Wood-boring Beetles)
Other Common Names
Jewel Beetles, Flat-head Borers
Explanation of Names
Buprestidae Leach 1815
Numbers
Over 760 spp. in 55 genera in our area, almost 15,000 spp. worldwide(1)(2)
Overview of our fauna* –taxa not yet in the guide; classification adapted from(3)(4)(5); taxa between tribe and genus omitted):
Family BUPRESTIDAE
Subfamily POLYCESTINAE
Incertae sedis Beerellus
Subfamily CHRYSOCHROINAE
Subfamily BUPRESTINAE
Tribe Xenorhipidini Subtribe Xenorhipidina: Hesperorhipis · XenorhipisSubtribe Trichinorhipidina: Trichinorhipis
Subfamily AGRILINAE
Identification
guides/keys: ne. NA(6) · Canada(7) · Missouri(8) · Texas(9) · South Carolina(5)
Life Cycle
The larvae burrow through roots and logs, from within the bark to within the cambium layers, or are leaf and stem miners of herbaceous and woody plants, including grasses. Most of the wood boring species attack dying trees or dying/dead branches on healthy trees, only a few bore into green wood. Some produce galls on alder, roses, blue beech, ironwood, and hazelnut; a few live in pine cones or herbaceous plants.(1)
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.A catalog and bibliography of the Buprestoidea of America north of Mexico.
Nelson et al. 2008. The Coleopterists Society, Special Publication No. 4. 274 pp.
3.An illustrated summary of the higher classification of the superfamily Buprestoidea (Coleoptera)
C.L. Bellamy. 2003. Folia Heyrovskyana Supplement 10: 197 pp.; 44 color plates with 454 photographs.
4.Bellamy C.L. (2013) The world of jewel beetles: A checklist of world Buprestoidea
5.Jewel Beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) of South Carolina
Harpootlian, P.J. and C.L. Bellamy. 2014. Clemson University.
6.Field Guide to the Jewel Beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) of Northeastern North America.
Paiero et al. 2012. Canadian Food Inspection Agency. 411 pp.
7.The metallic wood-boring beetles of Canada and Alaska: Coleoptera: Buprestidae (The Insects and arachnids of Canada)
Donald E. Bright. 1987. Biosystematics Research Centre, Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.
8.The Buprestidae (Coleoptera) of Missouri
MacRae T.C. 1991. Insecta Mundi 5(2): 101-126.
9.Quinn M.A. (2012) Buprestidae of Texas with notes on Texas types