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Species Hypoprepia miniata - Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth - Hodges#8089

Painted Lichen Moth - Hypoprepia miniata Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth - Hypoprepia miniata Hypoprepia miniata - Scarlet winged Lichen Moth? - Hypoprepia miniata Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth - Hypoprepia miniata Red wings with black markings - Hypoprepia miniata Hypoprepia miniata Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth caterpillar? - Hypoprepia miniata  Lichen Moth - Hypoprepia miniata
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Arctiinae (Tiger and Lichen Moths)
Tribe Lithosiini (Lichen Moths)
Subtribe Cisthenina
Genus Hypoprepia
Species miniata (Scarlet-winged Lichen Moth - Hodges#8089)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
Scarlet Lichen Moth
Striped Footman (1)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Hypoprepia miniata (Kirby)
Orig. Comb: Lithosia miniata Kirby, 1837
Calligenia miniata
Gnophria vittata Harris, 1841
* phylogenetic sequence #930204
Explanation of Names
miniata (L). "colored with red lead or vermilion" (2)
Four species of Hypoprepia are found in America north of Mexico. (3)
Forewing length 14-17 mm. (4)
The separation of Hypoprepia miniata and closely related H. fucosa has been vastly oversimplified in literature and field guides. See this iNaturalist post for an overview of the problem.
Adult - forewing ground color entirely red; two broad dark gray stripes extend longitudinally along wing, with another shorter stripe between them at outer margin; hindwing red with broad dark terminal band (usually broader than the band seen in H. fucosa) or absent in some southern specimens.
Larva - dusky, sparsely covered with thick, barbed black bristles. See Dyar (1892) in Print References for description of first instar larva. See Scott (2010) for Jason Dombroskie photo (p.3, f.12) of feeding larva. (1)
e. NA to BC - Map (MPG)
Dry open woodlands, especially Jack Pine (and in the west, Lodgepole Pine) forests; adults are nocturnal and come to light.
mostly: May-Sept (BG data)
Larvae feed on lichens and is often found under loose stones and on trunks of trees. (1)
Life Cycle
Overwinters as a larva in a thin silky cocoon. (1)
See Also
Three more similar looking moths:
H. fucosa (Painted Lichen Moth), forewing has extensive yellow (compare images of both species at CBIF)
Hypoprepia cadaverosa at Moth Photographer Group
Haematomis uniformis at Moth Photographers Group
Print References
Comstock, J.H, A.B. Comstock & G.W. Herrick 1931. A manual for the study of insects (20th Edition). The Comstock Publishing Company. p.245-246 (1)
Dyar, H.G. 1892. Egg and Larva of two Lithosians. Entomological news, and proceedings of the Entomological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 3: 246
Holland, W.J. 1915. The Moth Book: a popular guide to the knowledge of the moths of North America. Doubleday, Page & Company. p.106, pl.8, f.41 (5)
Lafontaine, J.D. & B.C. Schmidt 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America North of Mexico. p.15 (3)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. p.266, pl.46.30, 46.31 (4)
Scott, C. 2010. Black and yellow lichen moth (suggested common name) Lycomorpha pholus (Drury) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Arctiinae: Lithosiini). University of Florida EENY 479: 1-5, f.1-17 (PDF)
Internet References
live adult images (Lynn Scott, Ontario)
distribution in Canada list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)
PDF of life cycle (MJ Hatfield)
Discussion on iNaturalist of the complexities of separating H. fucosa and H. miniata.
Works Cited
1.A Manual for the Study of Insects
John Henry Comstock, Anna Botsford Comstock. 1930. Comstock Publishing Company, Inc.
2.An accentuated list of the British Lepidoptera, with hints on the derivation of the names.
Anonymous. 1858. The Entomological Societies of Oxford and Cambridge.
3.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
4.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
5.The Moth Book
W.J. Holland. 1968. Dover.