Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

National Moth Week was July 23-31, 2022! See moth submissions.

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12


Previous events


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Family Pteromalidae - Pteromalid Wasps

Small Golden Metallic Fly Mini Wasp Amotura caelata Grissell 1991 - Chalcedectus caelata - female Pteromalid - female Pteromalidae from Bruchinae - female 8036952 wasp Female, parasitic Apocrita? - Leptofoenus rufus - female Tiny Wall Wasp
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Chalcidoidea (Chalcidoid Wasps)
Family Pteromalidae (Pteromalid Wasps)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
probably polyphyletic(1); vaguely defined and rather artificial chalcidoid assemblage: for example, it does not have the enlarged metafemora of the Chalcididae (except Chalcedectini), it does not have the quadrate (rectangular) pronotum of the Eurytomidae (except Spalanginae), it does not have the exserted ovipositor of the Torymidae (except for 2 genera)... (2)
*Epichrysomallinae and Sycoryctinae recently transferred to Pteromalidae. Cratominae & Panstenoninae sunk into Pteromalinae(3)
Numbers
close to 600 spp. in >200 genera of 18 subfamilies in our area, ca. 3500 spp. in almost 600 genera worldwide placed in ~30 subfamilies(1) [38 taxa recognized as subfamilies by different workers are briefly discussed in(4)]
Food
a wide variety of hosts; adults of some species feed on the body fluids of the host after puncturing it with the ovipositor
Remarks
Some are hyperparasitoids
Print References
Ashmead, W. H. 1904. Classification of the chalcid flies, or the superfamily Chalcidoidea, with descriptions of new species in the Carnegie museum, collected in South America by Herbert H. Smith. Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum 1(4): 225-551. (Biodiversity Heritage Library)
Works Cited
1.Universal Chalcidoidea Database
2.A handbook of the families of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). 2nd Edition
Grissell E.E., Schauff M. E. 1997. Ent. Soc. Wash. 87pp.
3.A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera)
Heraty J.M., Burks R.A., Cruaud A., Gibson G.A.P., Liljeblad J., Munro J., Rasplus J.-Y., Delvare G., Janšta P., Gumovsky A.... 2013. Cladistics 29: 466–542.
4.Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families
Goulet H., Huber J., eds. 1993. Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E. 668 pp.
5.Ribes-Escolà A. (2007-2014) Himenòpters de Ponent