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Species Furcula gigans - Hodges#7939.1

Furcula occidentalis - Furcula gigans - male Furcula occidentalis - Furcula gigans - male Furcula? - Furcula gigans Furcula species - Furcula gigans Furcula species - Furcula gigans Furcula species - Furcula gigans Furcula (scolopendrina?) - Furcula gigans Furcula furcula - Furcula gigans
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Notodontidae (Prominent Moths)
Subfamily Cerurinae
Genus Furcula
Species gigans (Furcula gigans - Hodges#7939.1)
Hodges Number
7939.1
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Furcula gigans (McDunnough, 1922)
Furcula furcula (Clerk, 1759)
Phalaena furcula Clerk, 1759
Cerura gigans McDunnough, 1922
Cerura decorum Dyar, 1922
Explanation of Names
St Laurent et al. 2023 resurrects Furcula gigans as the name to be applied to the North American population of what Miller 2018 called Furcula furcula:
"In our analyses we included the following three relevant taxa: nominotypical F. furcula furcula from the United Kingdom, what was called ‘F. furcula’ in Miller et al. (2018) from Colorado, USA, and F. occidentalis from New York, USA. The phylogenetic results recover the two North American taxa as sister species with Old World F. furcula furcula sister to them, rendering ‘Furcula furcula’ sensu Miller et al. (2018) paraphyletic. Fortunately, two available names for American populations exist: deorum Dyar (TL: USA: Colorado, Manitou) and gigans McDunnough (TL: Canada: Alberta, Head of Pine Creek, Calgary), both of which were named in 1922, but with gigans being named earlier (Dyar 1922a, McDunnough 1922). We therefore revalidate F. gigans stat. rev. to be applied to North American populations and synonymize F. deorum syn. nov. with F. gigans."

Furcula furcula (Clerk, 1759) was treated as a senior synonym of Furcula occidentalis (Lintner, 1878) by Schintlmeister (2008, 2013) and Becker (2014). Both species were recognized by Miller, 2018. (1) F. furcula was subsequently split by St Laurent et al. 2023, making Furcula furcula extralimital to North America.
Range
BC, AB, MT, UT, CO, NM (1)
Remarks
Furcula furcula is one of the few moth tautonyms.
Works Cited
1.The Moths of America North of Mexico. Fascicle 22.1A
Miller, J.S., D.L. Wagner, P.A. Opler & J.D. Lafontaine. 2018. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
2.North American Moth Photographers Group