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Species Leucania subpunctata - White-dotted Wainscot - Hodges#10453.1

White-dotted Wainscot - Leucania subpunctata Moth unknown - Leucania subpunctata Leucania subpunctata Leucania subpunctata Leucania subpunctata
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Leucaniini
Genus Leucania
Species subpunctata (White-dotted Wainscot - Hodges#10453.1)
Hodges Number
10453.1
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Leucania latiuscula
part of a species group including L. subpunctata (Hodges 10454.1) and L. senescens (Hodges 10454.2) whose individuals can be distinguished to species level by examination of genitalia but not normally by photos of whole adults
until recently, L. subpunctata and L. senescens were considered synonyms of L. latiuscula
Size
wingspan about 34-35 mm, based on two photos by Jim Vargo at MGP
Identification
Adult: forewing dark brownish-gray in male (lighter brown in female), with a diffuse dark line runs from the wing base to the white discal dot; slightly paler strip extends along length of costa but wing shows little overall contrast; a lighter triangular patch near the apex of the wing; PM line composed of either a continuous black zigzag line or a line of separate black dots; hindwing white in male (gray in female), with dark veins and pale fringe
Range
Texas to Florida, north to Maryland and New York in the fall
also represented through the neotropics to northern South America
Season
northern individuals are fall migrants; adults present year-round in Florida, Texas, and the tropics
Food
larvae feed on grasses and sedges
Life Cycle
multiple generations per year in Florida, Texas, and the tropics
See Also
Leucania insueta forewing has more contrasting and distinct markings
forewings of other Leucania species are either paler or more contrasting or have a larger/longer white discal spot (compare images of several species by Jim Vargo at MPG)
Print References
Lafontaine JD, Schmidt BC (2010) Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America North of Mexico. (a) * (PDF download)
Internet References
nearctica.com - species account with photograph of pinned adult and range map.
Moth Photographers Group - species page with photographs of living and pinned adults.
pinned adult images of subpunctata and senescens (Pierre Zagatti, Lepidoptera of the French Antilles)
pinned adult image of L. subpunctata and collection site map (All-Leps)
pinned adult images of 2 species, plus photos of related species by various photographers (Moth Photographers Group)
adult drawing of L. latiuscula by Hampson (?) plus distribution and synonyms (Matthew Barnes, Moths of Jamaica)
larval foodplants; MS Word doc plus synonym, common name reference, distribution, biology (David Wagner et al, Owlet Caterpillars of Eastern North America, U. of Connecticut)
presence in Florida of all 3 members of the species group; list (John Heppner, Florida State Collection of Arthropods)
presence in Texas of 2 species; list (James Gillaspy, U. of Texas)
distribution of 2 species list of boundary states (Dalton State College, Georgia)