Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Family Culicidae - Mosquitoes


Mosquito Fauna of North America
By Satyu Yamaguti and Walter LaCasse
Office of the Surgeon, HQ Japan Logistical Command, 1953
This series has some great diagrams and very detailed information that is still very relevant. You won't find anything this detailed still in press.

Keys to the Adult Females and Fourth Instar Larvae of the Mosquitoes of Florida
By Richard F. Darsie and Charlie D. Morris
E.O. Painter Printing Company, 2000
Good, simple keys for ID'ing Florida mosquitoes. Spiral bound and durable cover. County by county collection info included.

Identification And Geographical Distribution Of The Mosquitoes: Of North America, North Of Mexico
By Richard F., Jr. Darsie, RONALD A. WARD, Chien C. Chang, Taina Litwak
University Press of Florida, 2004

Mosquito: A Natural History of Our Most Persistent and Deadly Foe
By Andrew Spielman, Sc.D., Michael D'Antonio
Hyperion Press, 2001

Culex stigmatosoma and Cx. peus: identification of female adults in the United States
By Dan Strickman
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 4(4):555-6, 1988

The 2012 West Nile encephalitis epidemic in Dallas, Texas.
By Chung et al.
JAMA, 310(3): 297-307., 2013
PubMed

Chung WM, Buseman CM, Joyner SN, Hughes SM, Fomby TB, Luby JP, Haley RW. (2013) The 2012 West Nile encephalitis epidemic in Dallas, Texas. JAMA, 310(3): 297-307.

Abstract
After progressive declines over recent years, in 2012 West Nile virus epidemics resurged nationwide, with the greatest number of cases centered in Dallas County, Texas.

RESULTS:
The investigation identified 173 cases of WNND, 225 of West Nile fever, 17 West Nile virus-positive blood donors, and 19 deaths in 2012. The incidence rate for WNND was 7.30 per 100,000 residents in 2012, compared with 2.91 per 100,000 in 2006, the largest previous Dallas County outbreak. An unusually rapid and early escalation of large numbers of human cases closely followed increasing infection trends in mosquitoes. The Cx quinquefasciatus species-specific vector index predicted the onset of symptoms among WNND cases 1 to 2 weeks later...

West Nile virus epidemics in North America are driven by shifts in mosquito feeding behavior.
By Kilpatrick et al.
PLoS Biol. 4(4): e82., 2006
Full Text

Kilpatrick AM, Kramer LD, Jones MJ, Marra PP, Daszak P. 2006. West Nile virus epidemics in North America are driven by shifts in mosquito feeding behavior. PLoS Biol. 4(4): e82.

Abstract
West Nile virus (WNV) has caused repeated large-scale human epidemics in North America since it was first detected in 1999 and is now the dominant vector-borne disease in this continent. Understanding the factors that determine the intensity of the spillover of this zoonotic pathogen from birds to humans (via mosquitoes) is a prerequisite for predicting and preventing human epidemics.

Culex nigripalpus: seasonal shift in the bird-mammal feeding ratio in a mosquito vector of human encephalitis.
By Edman JD, Taylor DJ.
Science 161(3836): 67-68., 1968
PubMed

Edman JD, Taylor DJ. 1968. Culex nigripalpus: seasonal shift in the bird-mammal feeding ratio in a mosquito vector of human encephalitis. Science 161(3836): 67-68.

Abstract
Blood-engorged Culex nigripalpus (Theob.) collected throughout the year in two Florida localities were serologically tested to determine the host range of this mosquito in nature. A proportional increase in feeding on mammals occurred in early summer, reached a maximum between July and October, and was followed by a shift back to avian hosts which dominated the feeding pattern during winter and spring.