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Genus Paraidemona

Grasshopper on Texas Thistle - Paraidemona species-a - male Paraidemona - Paraidemona species-c - female Paraidemona - Paraidemona olsoni - male Paraidemona - Paraidemona olsoni - female TX - Grasshopper - Paraidemona Paraidemona olsoni - male ? - Paraidemona - male ? - Paraidemona - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Melanoplinae (Spur-throated Grasshoppers)
Tribe Melanoplini
Genus Paraidemona
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Paraidemona Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893. Genotype: Pezotettix punctatus Stål
Explanation of Names
note: Those names designated by a letter are just categories set up for convenience, where apparently similar specimens have been grouped together. This is a tempory step in sorting a confusing genus of very similar and difficult to identify species. It is still uncertain which species these categories represent, and it is quite likely that some of the categories include individuals of more than one specie (or that two or more categories may actually represent the same thing).

The best way to identify species in this genus is to actually examine male specimens, but photos don't give us that advantage. So, the most important details to show in photos are sharp side and top views showing the end of the abdomen of the males. There do appear to be other differences between species, but they are subtle, and do not help much until we know the range of variation in each species better. Females (for the time being anyway) seem to be best identified by association with males (found in the process of mating is the most certain way to be sure). It is possible to find two or three (maybe more) species in one area, especially in South Texas. All of the species are similar in color pattern. Most (?all) species come in both green and brown/gray forms (plus some intermediates), and the green forms may tend to look "smoother" in pattern. So, color alone may not be enough to tell species apart.
Numbers
Eight species are listed at Orthoptera Species File. Of these, six are found in Texas. At least a couple of those six are perhaps just variants of other species.
Range
Texas, US and northeastern Mexico.