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Species Vitacea scepsiformis - Lesser Grape Root Borer - Hodges#2531

sesiid - Vitacea scepsiformis sesiid - Vitacea scepsiformis sesiid - Vitacea scepsiformis slightly different dorsal view - Vitacea scepsiformis Vitacea scepsiformis? - Vitacea scepsiformis Vitacea scepsiformis? Female? - Vitacea scepsiformis Vitacea scepsiformis Vitacea - Vitacea scepsiformis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Cossoidea (Carpenter and Clearwing Moths)
Family Sesiidae (Clearwing Moths)
Subfamily Tinthiinae
Tribe Paranthrenini
Genus Vitacea
Species scepsiformis (Lesser Grape Root Borer - Hodges#2531)
Hodges Number
2531
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Vitacea scepsiformis (Hy. Edwards, 1881)
Sciapteran scepsiformis Hy. Edwards, 1881
Memythrus scepsiformis
Paranthrene scepsiformis
* phylogenetic sequence #079275
Size
Forewing length 12-16 mm. (1)
Wingspan: ♂ 25-30 mm, ♀ 34 mm. (2)
Larva to 25-35 mm. (3)
Identification
Adult - hindwing, which is not visible, is key to positive identification. We will never really know since the HW fold(CuP)is really hidden. Both P.dollii and V. scepsiformis are closely related (same tribe) and are variable within their range. Female V.scepsiformis have a dark wide HW margin that when folded can look like P. dollii. See MONA Fascicle 5.1 Plate 1. figure 49.
Larva - white with brown head and light brown thoracic shield. (3)
Range
New York to Florida, west to Texas, Arkansas and Missouri. (3)
Food
Larvae feed under bark of grape roots. Known hosts are Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Vitaceae) and Boston ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata, Vitaceae). (2), (1), (3)
Life Cycle
Two year life cycle. (3)
See Also
Larva indistinguishable from Vitacea polistiformis (3)
Print References
Brown, L.N. & R.F. Mizell, III 1993. The Clearwing Borers of Florida (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 4(4): 1-21 (PDF) (1)
Edwards, Hy. 1881. New Genera and new species of the family Aegeridae. Papilio 1(10): 183
Engelhardt, G.P. 1946. The North American Clear-wing Moths of the family Aegeriidae. United States National Museum Bulletin 190: 156-157 (2)
Solomon, J.D. 1995. Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook AH-706: 106-108, f.41 (Download Options) (3)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.The Clearwing Borers of Florida (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae).
Larry N. Brown & Russel F. Mizell, III. 1993. Tropical Lepidoptera 4(4): 1-21.
2.The North American Clear-wing Moths of the family Aegeriidae.
George P. Engelhardt. 1946. United States National Museum Bulletin 190: 1-222, pl.1-32.
3.Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs
Solomon, J.D. 1995. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook. 735 pp.