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Species Melanoplus querneus - Oak Spur-throat Grasshopper

Melanoplus querneus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Melanoplinae (Spur-throated Grasshoppers)
Tribe Melanoplini
Genus Melanoplus
Species querneus (Oak Spur-throat Grasshopper)
Other Common Names
Oak Spur-throat Grasshopper
Size
22 - 40 mm; females considerably larger than males
Identification
Hind tibiae red; hind femur distinctly cross-banded dark on outer side. Tegmina short, but longer than pronotum, overlapping above, usually (when folded) light on top and contrastingly darker on sides.
Very similar to M. nigrescens, replacing it southward. That species averages darker, and the male cerci are narrower. Quite likely the two are regional variants of one species.
M. walshii is wide-ranging further to the northwest, and is smaller. Male cerci smaller and more slender than in either of the above. Tegmina a bit shorter than either (usually about equal to pronotum in length), usually with light stripes along top edges (when folded) as apposed to entirely light on top.
M. alabamae, tunicae, & ponderosus occur further west, and all have more expanded male cerci. M. alabamae is very similar in appearance (it replaces M. querneus immediately to the west in Mississippi and Tennessee), and females may be difficult to separate.
Range
northern Florida into southwestern Georgia and southeastern Alabama.