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Species Dichotomius carolinus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Scarabaeinae (Dung Beetles)
Species carolinus (Dichotomius carolinus)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
, 1767). Synonyms, etc.:
Pinotus bituberculatus Harold 1869
is often treated as a subspecies of D. carolinus
, black or blackish-brown, and bulky dung beetle. Note prominent striations on elytra
, though these are often partly filled with dirt. Pronotum
distinctively shaped. Vertex of head has short, blunt horn in male (2)
Open habitats with dung of large mammals such as cows, horses.
Spring, summer, early fall. Reported in literature: April-September (South Carolina), April-October (North Carolina).
Typically found near cow and horse dung. Habits said to be similar to Onthophagus. Buries dung in place--does not roll it away. Comes to lights, though perhaps not frequently, according to several sources.
Illustration of life stages:
Said to be so strong that it is hard to hold within a clenched fist.
Arnett et al., p. 171, fig. 420--ill. adult, larva, nest ball (3)
Dillon and Dillon, p. 512, plate 49--Pinotus carolinus (2)
Harpootlian, p. 17, fig. 24 (5)
Papp, p. 183, fig. 627 (1)
Salsbury, p. 179--photo (6)
Sikes, p. 6--illustration, p. 124--account (7)
Swan and Papp, p. 430, fig. 893 (8)
White, p. 140, fig. 53 (9)
|1.||Introduction to North American Beetles|
Charles S. Papp. 1984. Entomography Pubns.
|2.||A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern North America|
Dillon, Elizabeth S., and Dillon, Lawrence. 1961. Row, Peterson, and Company.
|3.||How to Know the Beetles|
Ross H. Arnett, N. M. Downie, H. E. Jaques. 1980. Wm. C. Brown Publishers.
|4.||Insects of North Carolina|
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
|5.||Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina|
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
|6.||Insects in Kansas|
Glenn A. Salsbury and Stephan C. White. 2000. Kansas Dept. of Agriculture.
|7.||The Beetle Fauna of Rhode Island, an Annotated Checklist|
Derek Sikes. 2004. Rhode Island Natural History Survey.
|8.||The Common Insects of North America|
Lester A. Swan, Charles S. Papp. 1972. Harper & Row.
|9.||Peterson Field Guides: Beetles|
Richard E. White. 1983. Houghton Mifflin Company.