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TaxonomyBrowseInfoImagesLinks
Books
Data

Subfamily Phygadeuontinae

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The Genera of Ichneumonidae, Part 1
By Townes H
Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Number 11, 1969
subfamilies as defined by Townes: Ephialtinae, Tryphoninae, Labiinae, Adelognathinae, Xoridinae, and Agriotypinae plus terminology, morphology, etc.

Note: Townes' nomenclature is not used by BugGuide

PDF on DVD available for sale through the AEI: http://www.amentinst.org/memoirs.php

The Genera of Ichneumonidae, Part 2
By Townes H
Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Number 12, 1969
Note: Townes' nomenclature is not used by BugGuide; his subfamily Gelinae is now Cryptinae

PDF on DVD available for sale through the AEI: http://www.amentinst.org/memoirs.php

Ichneumon-Flies of America North of Mexico: 2. Subfamilies Ephialtinae, Xoridinae, and Acaenitinae
By Henry Townes and Marjorie Townes
Bulletin - United States National Museum, Vol. 216, Part 2, pp. 1–676, 1960

Key to Ichneumonidae in New Zealand
By Schnitzler, Franz-Rudolf & Ward, Darren F
Landcare Research, 2013
While the key was designed for New Zealand, Landcare Research's "Fact Sheets' on different taxa are an excellent source for Ichneumon wasp descriptions

Hibernating Ichneumonidae of Ohio
By Clement E. Dasch
Ohio J. Sci. 71: 270–283, 1971
Ecological info and identification key for 39 spp. (all but 2 Ichneumoninae) hibernating as adults (almost exclusively ♀♀).
Full text

Polydnaviruses of Parasitic Wasps: Domestication of Viruses To Act as Gene Delivery Vectors
By Burke, G.R. and M.R. Strand
Insects 2012. (3): 91-119. doi:10.3390/insects3010091, 2012
Comprehensive review of what is known about polydnaviruses.
Online, downloadable

Viral DNA delivers wasp's sting
By Kwok, Roberta
Nature international weekly journal of science, 2009
This online article summarizes what polydnaviruses are, evidence for their evolutionary origins, how their genome is embedded in some female wasps' reproductive tract, and whether or not they are truly viruses, or organelles.

When parasitic wasps hijacked viruses: genomic and functional evolution of polydnaviruses
By Herniou, E.A., E. Huguet, J. Theze, A. Bezier, G. Periquet, J.M. Drezen
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (Online ISSN: 1471-2970), 2013

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