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Species Papaipema limpida - Vernonia Borer - Hodges#9507

Another Borer Moth - Papaipema limpida Vernonia Borer - Papaipema limpida Vernonia Borer - Papaipema limpida Papaipema reared from Vernonia Baldwinii roots - Papaipema limpida Papaipema reared from Vernonia Baldwinii roots - Papaipema limpida Papaipema reared from Vernonia Baldwinii roots - Papaipema limpida Papaipema limpida Papaipema limpida? - Papaipema limpida
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Apameini
Genus Papaipema (Borer Moths)
Species limpida (Vernonia Borer - Hodges#9507)
Hodges Number
9507
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
described in 1852 by Guenee, who originally placed it in genus Gortyna
Size
wingspan about 31 mm, based on photo by Jim Vargo at MPG
Identification
Adult: FW dark brownish-gray with a line of 3 white spots in AM area and a cluster of white spots representing the reniform spot (in each case, the central spot is usually pale yellowish); PM line fairly smooth, gently curving near costa, straighter and paler near inner margin; no pale spots at base of wing; area beyond PM line slightly more grayish than remainder of wing; HW dirty white to pale brownish-gray, much paler than FW
Range
eastern United States: Oklahoma to North Carolina, north to Illinois and Michigan; type specimen collected in Illinois
Habitat
weedy areas where larval foodplant grows; adults are nocturnal and come to light
Season
adults fly from late August to October
Food
larvae have been reported to feed within stems of burdock (Arctium spp.) and Giant Ironweed (Vernonia gigantea [=altissima])
See Also
Culver's Root Borer (Papaipema sciata) forewing has a slightly different pattern of white spots, the species is less common than P. limpida, and its larvae feed on stems of Culver's Root (Veronicastrum virginicum)
Other Papaipema species have a paler forewing and/or pale spots at base of forewing -- compare adult images of several species in MPG Internet References below
Internet References
pinned adult image and photos of related species by Jim Wiker, plus common name reference (Moth Photographers Group)
presence in Oklahoma; PDF doc list (John Fisher, Oklahoma)