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Species Photedes includens - Included Cordgrass Borer - Hodges#9434

Lodopepla? - Photedes includens Included Cordgrass Borer  - Photedes includens Iowa Included Cordgrass - Photedes includens Noctuoidea - Photedes includens Included Cordgrass Borer - Photedes includens Included Cordgrass Borer Moth - Photedes includens Noctuidae: Photedes includens - Photedes includens Included Cordgrass Borer - Hodges#9434 - Photedes includens
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Apameini
Genus Photedes (Cordgrass Borers)
Species includens (Included Cordgrass Borer - Hodges#9434)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
several synonyms listed at FUNET but no new ones since 1916
described in 1858 by Walker, who originally placed it in genus Hydrelia
wingspan about 25 mm
Adult: forewing orangish-brown with paler straight subterminal band; reniform spot white, conspicuous, C-shaped, with short white bar in middle; hindwing light brownish-gray, paler toward base, with dark veins, thin dark terminal line, and pale fringe
Nova Scotia to Connecticut, west to Nebraska and Alberta; type specimen collected in Nova Scotia
wet meadows and edges of wetlands; adults are nocturnal and come to light
adults fly from late June to September
larvae bore in stems of cordgrass (Spartina spp.) and some sedges such as Upright Sedge (Carex stricta)
Life Cycle
one generation per year
uncommon and local throughout range; a species of special concern in wet prairie habitats of some midwestern states
Internet References
species account including habitat, flight season, description, larval foodplant, distribution, status (G.G. Anweiler, Strickland Entomological Museum, U. of Alberta)
pinned adult image by Ron Panzer (Northeastern Illinois U.)
2 pinned adult images and collection site map (All-Leps)
pinned and live adult images (Moth Photographers Group)
common name reference (Govt. of Indiana)
author, date, and original genus plus synonyms, type specimen localities, and distribution map (Markku Savela, FUNET)
presence in New York; list (Timothy McCabe, Olive Natural Heritage Society, New York)
distribution in Canada; list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)