One Nearctic species, N. of Mexico.
Protibiae with 2 apical spurs, setose claws and trilobed clypeus are distinctive features to identify the group.
Widely distributed throughout Eastern U.S.
Largely found in forested areas. The group can be found in a variety of forest community types.
May through the end of August.
Larvae were found in oaks, maples and beech.
Development take about one year, but it may arrest its development by an extra year until suitable conditions are met. Larvae were collected in rotten wood, close to the soil.
The highly unusual larval type was described by Otto and Young in 1998.
The genus is closely related to Pseudomenes of southeastern Australia and Tasmania.
Schizophilus is easily confused with the elaterid genus, Melanotus. These groups can be separated by examining their tarsal claws (serrate in Melanotus, simple in Schizophilus) and the placement of the 2nd antennomere to the basal segment (terminal in Melanotus, subterminal in Schizophilus).
Muona, J. 1993. Review of the Phylogeny, Classification and Biology of the Family Eucnemidae (Coleoptera). Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 44: 133 pp.
Muona, J. 2000. A Revision of the Nearctic Eucnemidae. Acta Zoologica Fennica. 212: 106 pp.
Otto, R.L. & Young, D.K. 1998. Description of the larva of Schizophilus subrufus (Randall) (Coleoptera: Eucnemidae: Pseudomeninae), with notes on its natural history. The Coleopterists Bulletin 52(4): 306-312.