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Genus Scaphoideus

Hopper nymph - Scaphoideus Leafhopper nymph - Scaphoideus leafhopper - Scaphoideus carinatus - female Scaphoideus   - Scaphoideus atlantus Leafhopper nymph - Scaphoideus Hopper nymph - Scaphoideus incisus Scaphoideus nigrellus? - Scaphoideus - female Scaphoideus - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (True Hoppers)
Infraorder Cicadomorpha
Superfamily Membracoidea (Leafhoppers and Treehoppers)
Family Cicadellidae (Typical Leafhoppers)
Subfamily Deltocephalinae
Tribe Scaphoideini
Genus Scaphoideus
Explanation of Names
Scaphoideus Uhler, 1889
Numbers
54 spp. in our area(1), ~180 spp. total(2)
NOTE: the notation citing the taxonomic authority of the listed species may have been inputted erroneously. This is pending correction.
subgenus Latenus
Scaphoideus angustatus DeLong & Beery, 1936: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus bifurcatus DeLong & Mohr, 1936: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus blennus Barnett, 1977: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus carinatus Osborn, 1900: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus cylindratus DeLong & Beery, 1936: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus densus DeLong & Beery, 1936: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus elongatus DeLong & Beery, 1936: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus frisoni DeLong & Mohr, 1936: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus incognitus Barnett, 1979: Quebec
Scaphoideus jannus Barnett, 1977: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus lacyi Barnett, 1977: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus major Osborn, 1900: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus merus DeLong & Beery, 1936: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus minor DeLong & Beery, 1936: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus nigricans Osborn, 1911: NC
Scaphoideus ochraceus Osborn, 1898: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus productus Osborn, 1900: IA
Scaphoideus rubranotum DeLong, 1939: NY
Scaphoideus soleus DeLong & Knull, 1971: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus torqus DeLong & Beery, 1936: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus transeus DeLong, 1936: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus veterator DeLong & Beery, 1936: eastern U.S.
subgenus Lonenus
Scaphoideus intricatus Uhler, 1889: eastern U.S. & Canada
subgenus Scaphoideus
Scaphoideus abitus Barnett, 1979: southeastern U.S.
Scaphoideus accumulator Barnett, 1979: NY
Scaphoideus anguis Barnett, 1979: KY
Scaphoideus atlantus Ball, 1932: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus bihamatus DeLong & Knull, 1971: southeastern U.S.
Scaphoideus camurus DeLong & Mohr, 1936: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus cinerosus Osborn, 1900: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus crassus DeLong & Mohr, 1936: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus curvatus DeLong & Mohr, 1936: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus flavidus Barnett, 1979: PA
Scaphoideus forceps DeLong & Knull, 1971: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus immistus (Say, 1830): eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus incisus Osborn, 1900: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus lophus Barnett, 1977: TX
Scaphoideus luteolus Van Duzee, 1894: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus mandevillei Barnett, 1977: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus melanotus Osborn, 1900: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus multangulus Barnett, 1979: MI
Scaphoideus obtusus Osborn, 1900: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus opalinus Osborn, 1905: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus paludosus Ball, 1932: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus pars Barnett, 1979: WI
Scaphoideus procerus DeLong & Knull, 1971: NC
Scaphoideus pullus DeLong & Mohr, 1936: eastern U.S. & Canada
Scaphoideus sensibilis Ball, 1934: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus tergatus DeLong, 1939: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus titanus Ball, 1932: eastern U.S. & Canada; introduced in Europe
Scaphoideus triunatus Ball, 1932
Incertae sedis
Scaphoideus cyprius Ball, 1932: eastern U.S.
Scaphoideus inundatus Ball, 1932
Scaphoideus relatus Barnett, 1977: eastern U.S.
Size
adult to 6 mm
Identification
2 easy ways to identify this genus:
the top of the head is crossbanded, with a dark "tooth" in the middle;
the dark veins near the wing tips look like they have been twisted and tangled.
Range
throughout NA + much of the Old World(2)
Remarks
some spp. transmit the phytoplasma that caused elm yellows (elm phloem necrosis)
Print References
Barnett D.E. (1976) A revision of the Nearctic species of the genus Scaphoideus (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 102: 485-593 (3)
Internet References