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Genus Odonteus

Odonteus obesus - male Odonteus thoracicornis Wallis - Odonteus thoracicornis Beetle unknown - Odonteus Odonteus obesus Leconte - Odonteus obesus Scarab - Odonteus liebecki - male Odonteus sp. (?) - Odonteus liebecki - female Odonteus - Odonteus obesus - male Odonteus - Odonteus obesus - male
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Geotrupidae (Earth-Boring Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Bolboceratinae
Genus Odonteus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Odontaeus Dejean 1821 (now typically treated as subsequent misspelling)
Bolboceras of authors (after Cartwright 1953:101...but see the 2006 ICZN Opinion 2138 regarding the 2002 Case 3097.) [By affixing the type as S. quadridens (as opposed to S. mobilicornis (=armiger)), Bolboceras Kirby 1819 becomes a senior syn. of Indobolbus Nikolajev 1979]
Explanation of Names
Odonteus Samouelle 1819
10 spp. in our area, 13 total(1)
5-10 mm
Eyes completely divided by canthus. Sexual dimorphism usually obvious, males often with prominent horn. Species identification often requires examination of genitalia.
Key to spp. in(2)
holarctic & S Asia; in our area, most spp. east of NE-TX, one strictly western:(1)(3)
Odonteus alabamensis Wallis 1929 - SC-FL-MS
Odonteus cornigerus (Melsheimer 1844) - ne US to NC
Odonteus darlingtoni Wallis 1928 - se US
Odonteus falli Wallis 1928 - e NA
Odonteus filicornis (Say 1823) - SK-MB-WI to TX-MS
Odonteus floridensis Wallis 1928 - FL
Odonteus liebecki Wallis 1928 - e NA
Odonteus obesus LeConte 1859 - BC-AB & w US
Odonteus simi Wallis 1928 - e US
Odonteus thoracicornis Wallis 1928 - e US (PA-FL to NE-TX)
Late spring and late summer to fall. In SC: B. liebecki May and Jul-Oct, B. thoracicornis Apr-May, Sep-Nov(4)
Life Cycle
Adults dig burrows and provision with organic matter (e.g., dung, humus). The same burrow may contain eggs, larvae, pupae, and adults at the same time. Presumably overwinter as adults at times, given the two seasons of occurrence.
Works Cited
1.The Scarabaeoid Beetles of Nebraska
Brett C. Ratcliffe & M.J. Paulsen. 2008. University of Nebraska State Museum, Vol 22, 570 pp.
2.Revision of the genus Odontaeus, Dej.
Wallis J.B. 1928. Can. Entomol. 60: 119-128; 151-156; 168-176.
3.Checklist of beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Second edition
Bousquet Y., Bouchard P., Davies A.E., Sikes D.S. 2013. ZooKeys 360: 1–402.
4.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.