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TaxonomyBrowse
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Genus Grapholita

3443 Three-lined Grapholita - Grapholita tristrigana Cherry Fruitworm Moth - Hodges#3428 - Grapholita packardi Grapholita packardi Tortricid Moth - Grapholita molesta Cherry Fruitworm Moth - Grapholita packardi Grapholita moth? - Grapholita Tortricoidea ? - Grapholita prunivora Grapholita interstinctana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Grapholitini
Genus Grapholita
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Grapholita Treitschke, 1829
Explanation of Names
Generic epithet from Greek γραφή λίθος meaning "marked like stone," for its marbled appearance. (1)
Numbers
The worldwide genus contains approximately 125 described species.
Size
Adults are small (FWL 3.5-8.0 mm)
Identification
Adult:Typically brown, usually with white markings and a well-defined ocellus. Many species have bright white costal strigulae and one or more pairs of dorsal strigulae.
Larva: The white to reddish larvae resemble those of other internal-feeding olethreutines, such as Cydia, but larvae of the two genera can usually be separated by the anal fork, which is present in many Grapholita and absent in most Cydia.
Food
Genus contains many well known tortricid pests, such as the oriental fruit moth (G. molesta), cherry fruit worm (G. packardi), lesser apple worm (G. prunivora), and plum fruit moth (G. funebrana). Larvae are internal feeders in fruit and can cause significant economic damage to stone-fruits (almonds, apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, pears, plums, etc.).
Remarks
Treitschke established Grapholita in 1829 in the 7th volume of Schmetterlinge von Europa, with a type species he claimed to be "Pyralis dorsana," a taxon established by Fabricius in his 1775 Systema Entomologiae. But Treitschke was misled by Hübner's misidentification of Fabricius' moth.
The actual P. dorsana is today known as Dichrorampha petiverella, as it had already been described by Linnaeus in 1758 as Phalaena (Tinea) petiverella. The "Pyralis dorsana" of Hübner and Treitschke was subsequently identified as the species described as Tortrix lunulana by Denis & Schiffermüller (1775), which thus is today Grapholita lunulana. a
Internet References
Tortricids of Agricultural Importance – generic descriptions and images of several species
Wikipedia - taxonomy of species