Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Grapholita Treitschke, 1829
Explanation of Names
Generic epithet from Greek γραφή λίθος meaning "marked like stone," for its marbled appearance. (1)
The worldwide genus contains approximately 125 described species.
Adults are small (FWL 3.5-8.0 mm)
Adult:Typically brown, usually with white markings and a well-defined ocellus. Many species have bright white costal strigulae and one or more pairs of dorsal strigulae.
Larva: The white to reddish larvae resemble those of other internal-feeding olethreutines, such as Cydia, but larvae of the two genera can usually be separated by the anal fork, which is present in many Grapholita and absent in most Cydia.
Genus contains many well known tortricid pests, such as the oriental fruit moth (G. molesta), cherry fruit worm (G. packardi), lesser apple worm (G. prunivora), and plum fruit moth (G. funebrana). Larvae are internal feeders in fruit and can cause significant economic damage to stone-fruits (almonds, apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, pears, plums, etc.).
Treitschke established Grapholita in 1829 in the 7th volume of Schmetterlinge von Europa, with a type species he claimed to be "Pyralis dorsana," a taxon established by Fabricius in his 1775 Systema Entomologiae. But Treitschke was misled by Hübner's misidentification of Fabricius' moth.
The actual P. dorsana
is today known as Dichrorampha petiverella
, as it had already been described by Linnaeus in 1758 as Phalaena (Tinea) petiverella. The "Pyralis dorsana
" of Hübner and Treitschke was subsequently identified as the species described as Tortrix lunulana
by Denis & Schiffermüller (1775), which thus is today Grapholita lunulana
Tortricids of Agricultural Importance
– generic descriptions and images of several species
- taxonomy of species