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Species Gypsonoma salicicolana - Hodges#3228

Gypsonoma salicicolana  - Gypsonoma salicicolana Gypsonoma salicicolana - Hodges#3228 - Gypsonoma salicicolana Gypsonoma salicicolana Gypsonoma salicicolana - Hodges#3228 - Gypsonoma salicicolana Little Gypsonoma Thing - Gypsonoma salicicolana Gypsonoma salicicolana Gypsonoma salicicolana  - Gypsonoma salicicolana Olethreutinae, lateral - Gypsonoma salicicolana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Gypsonoma
Species salicicolana (Gypsonoma salicicolana - Hodges#3228)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Gypsonoma salicicolana (Clemens, 1864)
Hedya salicicolana Clemens, 1864 (1)
Epinotia salicicolana
Enarmonia salicicolana
Phylogenetic sequence #621129
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin meaning "dwells in the willow rose gall (salicis)." B.D. Walsh included a note with the specimens that "it mines a gall like a rose on a dwarf upland willow, Salix humilis, which I call salicis rhodiodes." (1)
Forewing length 4.3-6.2 mm.(2)
Adults are polymorphic in color.(2)
Adult: forewing dark grayish-brown from base to AM line and in broad PM band crossing wing; median band and subterminal band paler yellowish-brown; AM line varies from a gently curved arc to a rounded V-shaped lobe that protrudes into median area; short blackish diagonal streaks along costa; small dark patch at apex; hindwing grayish-brown, unmarked
Quebec to Florida(3), west through Texas(4) to California(5), north to Alberta(6). (7), (8)
The adults fly from May to July in California; June to September in Kentucky
The larvae feed on leaves of willow (Salix spp.); reported on Heartleaf Willow (S. cordata), Prairie Willow (S. humilis), and Sandbar Willow (S. interior [=longifolia]), and presumably feeds on other species of willow in the southwestern US where the above 3 species do not occur
See Also
Gypsonoma substitutionis forewing has whitish median band; Gypsonoma fasciolana forewing has whitish median band and whitish subterminal band, whereas in G. salicicolana, neither of those bands are whitish (compare images of all 3 species plus related species at MPG)
Print References
Clemens, B. 1864. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 3: 514. (1)
Gilligan, Wright & Gibson, 2008. Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States. p. 133.206. (9)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. plate 15, fig. 49; p. 136. (2)
Works Cited
1.North American micro-lepidoptera.
Brackenridge Clemens. 1864. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia, 3(3): 505-520.
2.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
3.Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Florida
4.Moths of Brackenridge Field Laboratory University of Texas at Austin
5.Essig Museum of Entomology, California Moth Species List
6. An annotated list of the Lepidoptera of Alberta, Canada
Gregory R. Pohl, Gary G. Anweiler, B. Christian Schmidt, Norbert G. Kondla. 2010. ZooKeys 38: 1–549.
7.North American Moth Photographers Group
8.Kentucky Butterfly Net Database (moths also)
9.Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States, An Identification Guide
Gilligan, Todd M., Donald J. Wright, and Loran D. Gibson. 2008. Ohio Biological Survey, P.O. Box 21370, Columbus, Ohio 43221-0370.
10.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems