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Species Scyphophorus acupunctatus - Agave Weevil

Weevil - Scyphophorus acupunctatus Scyphophorus acupunctatus Gyllenhal - Scyphophorus acupunctatus Scyphophorus acupunctatus Scyophophorus acupunctatus? - Scyphophorus acupunctatus True Weevil - Scyphophorus acupunctatus agave weevil - Scyphophorus acupunctatus Scyphophorus acupunctatus Sisal Weevil - Scyphophorus acupunctatus - Scyphophorus acupunctatus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Curculionoidea
Family Curculionidae (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Subfamily Dryophthorinae
Tribe Rhynchophorini
Subtribe Sphenophorina
Genus Scyphophorus
Species acupunctatus (Agave Weevil)
Other Common Names
Sisal Weevil(1), Sisal Borer; Picudo del Agave, Botija, Chatita (Spanish)
Explanation of Names
Scyphophorus acupunctatus Gyllenhaal 1838
acupunctatus = 'pin-pricked' (refers to the pronotal punctation)
Sisal (Agave sisalana), is a flowering plant native to southern Mexico, probably described from Sisal, Yucatán.
8-19 mm
see (2)
sw US (CA to WY-NE-TX) & FL to n. S. America; W. Indies - Map (3)(4); originated in the New World, spread globally to many arid and tropical regions wherever Agave spp. have been introduced(2)
larvae mine roots and stems of Agave and Furcraea; also recorded on Yucca, and even on Manfreda(2)(Woodruff & Pierce 1973)
Life Cycle
in Kenya, takes 50-90 days(2)
important pest of cultivated agaves
one of several species put into "tequila" (actually mezcal) bottles [intact larva shows high alcohol content of the liquid]
larvae are eaten in parts of Mexico
Print References
CDA (1959) A native weevil Scyphophorus acupunctatus, found on a new host, Dracaena draco, the dragon tree. Bull. Calif. Dept. Agric. 48: 226.
Ramos-Elorduy J. (2006) Threatened edible insects in Hidalgo, Mexico and some measures to preserve them. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 2: 51 (Full text)
Waring GL, Smith RL (1986) Natural history and ecology of Scyphophorus acupunctatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and its associated microbes in cultivated and native agaves. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 79: 334-340. (Abstract)
Woodruff RE, Pierce WH (1973) Scyphophorus acupunctatus, a weevil pest of Yucca and Agave in Florida (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Fla. Dept. Agric. and Consumer Services Entomology Circular 135: 1-2.
Internet References
Works Cited
2.Invasive Species Compendium (ISC)
3.Review of Scyphophorus (Curculionidae: Rhynchophorinae)
Vaurie P. 1971. Col. Bull. 25: 1-8.
4. A distributional checklist of the beetles (Coleoptera) of Florida.
Peck & Thomas. 1998. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Gainesville. 180 pp.