Other Common Names
, Sisal Borer; Picudo del Agave, Botija, Chatita (Spanish)
Explanation of Names
Scyphophorus acupunctatus Gyllenhaal
acupunctatus = 'pin-pricked' (refers to the pronotal punctation)
Sisal (Agave sisalana), is a flowering plant native to southern Mexico, probably described from Sisal, Yucatán.
sw US (CA to WY-NE-TX) & FL to n. S. America; W. Indies - Map (3)(4)
; originated in the New World, spread globally to many arid and tropical regions wherever Agave
spp. have been introduced(2)
larvae mine roots and stems of Agave
; also recorded on Yucca
, and even on Manfreda(2)
(Woodruff & Pierce 1973)
in Kenya, takes 50-90 days(2)
important pest of cultivated agaves
one of several species put into "tequila" (actually mezcal) bottles [intact larva shows high alcohol content of the liquid]
larvae are eaten in parts of Mexico
CDA (1959) A native weevil Scyphophorus acupunctatus, found on a new host, Dracaena draco, the dragon tree. Bull. Calif. Dept. Agric. 48: 226.
Ramos-Elorduy J. (2006) Threatened edible insects in Hidalgo, Mexico and some measures to preserve them. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed. 2: 51 (Full text
Waring GL, Smith RL (1986) Natural history and ecology of Scyphophorus acupunctatus
(Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and its associated microbes in cultivated and native agaves. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 79: 334-340. (Abstract
Woodruff RE, Pierce WH (1973) Scyphophorus acupunctatus, a weevil pest of Yucca and Agave in Florida (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Fla. Dept. Agric. and Consumer Services Entomology Circular 135: 1-2.