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Family Heliozelidae - Shield Bearer Moths

Moth ID - Aspilanta Laurinburg leaf miner on Cornus florida LB2 2016 3 - Antispila cornifoliella ?heliozelid - Antispila freemani Blotch mine on Vitis riparia, with cut-outs - Antispila Antispila nysaefoliella Lake Crabtree leaf miner on Parthenocissus quinquefolia D2342 2020 3 - Antispila St. Andrews leaf miner on Vaccinium fuscatum SA1801 2020 3.1 - Coptodisca Coptodisca splendoriferella? - Coptodisca
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Adeloidea (Fairy Moths and kin)
Family Heliozelidae (Shield Bearer Moths)
Numbers
30 species in 3 genera in North America listed in Pohl, et al. 2016 provisional checklist(1)
Size
Less than 3 mm. (2)
Identification
Adult - typically have iridescent, metallic-appearing scaling. Eyes are small as in other diurnal microlepidoptera. (2)
Larva - flattened, usually legless. (2)
Food
Species are host specific, using at least 17 families of angiosperms. (2)
Life Cycle
Last instar larvae construct a portable case by cutting disks from the upper and lower epidermis and joining them with silk, the reason for the commom name "shield bearers." The abandoned mines, with their distinctive "shot holes" are characteristic. (2)
Works Cited
1.Annotated taxonomic checklist of the Lepidoptera of North America, North of Mexico
Pohl, G.R., Patterson, B., & Pelham, J.P. 2016. ResearchGate.net.
2.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.