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Subfamily Bolboceratinae

Illinois data point - Bolbocerosoma farctum Odonteus obesus - male really dark prob Eucanthus from sandhill habitat - Eucanthus lazarus Bolbocerosoma confusum? - Bolbocerosoma Earth-borer - Bolbocerosoma Geotrupidae: Bolbocerasoma bruneri - Bolbocerosoma bruneri Eucanthus impressus Howden - Eucanthus impressus Bolbocerosoma farctum (Fabricius) - Bolbocerosoma farctum
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Geotrupidae (Earth-Boring Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Bolboceratinae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
From Bolboceras Kirby 1819 (a junior synonym of Odonteus).
Some taxonomists place in their own family, Bolboceratidae. See, for example,
Explanation of Names
Bolboceras - Greek for 'bulb' + 'horn' (1)
ca. 40 spp. in 7 genera n. of Mex. (2) (>300 spp. in 13 genera worldwide)
antennae with 11 segments, last 3 forming a club
eyes partially or completely divided by a canthus
worldwide, incl. most of our area (2)
adults feed on fungi; larvae of some genera (Eucanthus, Bolboceras, Bolbocerosoma), on fine humus formed into a brood ball (2)
Print References
Cartwright, O. 1953. Scarabaeid beetles of the genus Bradycinetulus and closely related genera in the United States. Proceedings of the United States national Museum. Washington 103(3318): 95-120. (Full text)
Howden, H.F. 1955. Biology and taxonomy of North American beetles of the Subfamily Geotrupidae with revisions of the genera Bolbocerosoma, Eucanthus, Geotrupes, and Peltotrupes (Scarabaeidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 104: 151-319.
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.