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Genus Trichonephila - Golden Orb-weavers

Spider - Trichonephila clavipes Young Argiope? - Trichonephila clavipes - female Nephila clavipes - Trichonephila clavipes Spider - Trichonephila clavipes Garden Spider? - Trichonephila clavipes Black & Yellow spider - Trichonephila clavata spider - Trichonephila clavipes Golden Silk Orbweaver - Trichonephila clavipes - male - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Araneae (Spiders)
Infraorder Araneomorphae (True Spiders)
No Taxon (Entelegynae)
Family Araneidae (Orb Weavers)
Genus Trichonephila (Golden Orb-weavers)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Species in our range moved to new genus Trichonephila from Nephila via "Kuntner et al., 2019".(1) Trichonephila Dahl, 1911 transferred to Nephilidae via Kuntner et al., 2023(2). Trichonephila Dahl, 1911 transferred to Araneidae via Hormiga et al., 2023(3).
Explanation of Names
Dahl, 1911
Numbers
Two species in our range:
T. clavipes (Golden Silk Orbweaver)
T. clavata (Joro Spider)
Range
T. clavipes - Predominantly southeastern US. Florida, Gulf States, north to North Carolina, south to Central and South America as far as Argentina.
T. clavata - northeast GA(4)
Works Cited
1.Golden orbweavers ignore biological rules: phylogenomic and comparative analyses unravel a complex evolution of sexual size dimo
Kuntner, M., Hamilton, C. A., Cheng, R.-C., Gregorič, M., Lupse, N., Lokovsek, T., Lemmon, E. M., Lemmon, A. R., Agnarsson, I.,. 2019. Systematic Biology 68(4): 555-572.
2.Increasing information content and diagnosability in family-level classifications.
Kuntner, M., Čandek, K., Gregorič, M., Turk, E., Hamilton, C. A., Chamberland, L., Starrett, J., Cheng, R. C., Coddington, J. . 2023. Systematic Biology.
3.Genitalic morphology and phylogenomic placement of the Australian spider Paraplectanoides crassipes Keyserling, 1886 (Araneae, A
Hormiga, G., Kulkarni, S., Arnedo, M. A., Dimitrov, D., Giribet, G., Kallal, R. J. & Scharff, N. 2023. Invertebrate Systematics 37(12): 797-818.
4.Nephila clavata L Koch, the Joro Spider of East Asia, newly recorded from North America (Araneae: Nephilidae)
E. Richard Hoebeke​, Wesley Huffmaster, Byron J. Freeman. 2015. PeerJ.