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Species Paratettix cucullatus - Hooded Grouse Locust

8015254 - Paratettix cucullatus 8023479 - Paratettix cucullatus Pigmy Grasshopper - Paratettix cucullatus - male pygmy grasshopper - Paratettix cucullatus - female small hopper - Paratettix cucullatus hopper and? - Paratettix cucullatus - female Paratettix cucullatus - male Paratettix cucullatus - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Tetrigidae (Pygmy Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Tetriginae
Genus Paratettix
Species cucullatus (Hooded Grouse Locust)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Paratettix cucullatus (Burmeister, 1838). Synonyms, etc.:
Paratettix cuculatus (spelling)
Size
male 13 mm, female 15 mm (presumably includes folded wings--Hancock, 1902); male body length (not including wings) about 10 mm (1)
Identification
See comments under photos, especially this one. Note these marks (David Ferguson):
fastigium narrow, does not protrude in front of eyes
strongly lobed middle femur
all individuals long-winged (2)
Range
Eastern United States, southern Ontario (1), Helfer (2) states found west to Washington, Oregon
Habitat
around edges of ponds, lakes, streams, and in swampy meadows
Season
adults all year (Michigan); all year, but mainly nymphs in summer (North Carolina)
Remarks
Description from Hancock, 1902, which could use editing and summarizing:
Body moderately large, depressed, rather smoothly granulate. Vertex viewed from above equal to or a little wider than one of the eyes, not projecting in advance of them, the front border truncate, middle carinate; the median carina projecting very feebly from the middle of the front border; on each side of the median carina the vertex longitudinally fossulate for about two-thirds the length of the eyes. Frontal costa in profile slightly sinuate, scarcely advanced at all before the eyes, moderately protuberant between the antennae, viewed in front the rami moderately separated, very little divergent. Eyes globose, large and prominent. Antennal articles distinct. Pronotum anteriorly truncate, posteriorly subulate extenuate, nearly horizontal; dorsum between the shoulders transversely lightly convex, posteriorly depressed, antero-dorsal margin advanced upon the head to the eyes, in front of the shoulders little constricted, humeral angles obtuse; median carina of pronotum low, feebly elevated. frequently a little sub-compressed anteriorly before the shoulders; lateral lobes of pronotum posteriorly bisinuate, the posterior superior or elytral sinus quite shallow, posterior inferior angle strongly rounded below. Elytra moderately large, elongate, towards the apex acuminate. Femora appreciably slender; anterior femora indistinctly sinuate or sublobate near the outer third below; middle femora slightly subsinuate above, more distinctly though by no means strongly sinuate below, first article of posterior tarsi a little longer than the third, the first and second pulvilli spiculate.
See Also
Tetrix arenosa - Obscure Pygmy Grasshopper
Print References
Bland, p. 127--photo of male specimen (1)
Brimley, p. 27, gives phenology in North Carolina (3)
Hancock, J.L. (1902). The Tettigidae of North America, pp. 111-112, plate 8 figs. 6, 7 (4)
Helfer, p. 85--description, diagram of head (2)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Orthoptera of Michigan
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Extension.
2.How to Know the Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and Their Allies
Jacques R. Helfer. 1962. Wm. C. Brown Company.
3.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
4.The Tettigidae of North America
Hancock, Joseph Lane, 1864-1922. 1902. Chicago, Pub. by special grant of Mrs. Frank G. Logan.