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Genus Leucauge

black and yellow spider - Leucauge argyra Venusta Orchard Spider - Leucauge argyrobapta bvd27Mar11b - Leucauge venusta - female Leucauge venusta - Leucauge argyrobapta Male Orchard Orbweaver - Leucauge venusta - male Orchard Spider - Leucauge venusta - male Argyra Orbweaver - Leucauge argyra long jawed spider - Leucauge venusta
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Order Araneae (Spiders)
Infraorder Araneomorphae (True Spiders)
No Taxon (Entelegynae)
Family Tetragnathidae (Long-jawed Orb Weavers)
Genus Leucauge
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
There are 4 species in North America:
L. argyra
L. argyrobapta
L. licina
L. venusta
Comparison of L. argyra (left) and L. venusta (right):

The markings of L. venusta and L. argyrobapta are generally similar in shape. Where their ranges overlap (coastal southeast US except for most of Florida, where L. venusta is not found), a distinction can typically be made by looking at the markings on the dorsal posterior abdomen:
L. argyrobapta has bright orange/red markings.
L. venusta has silver or yellow markings.
This distinction is generally not visible in alcohol-preserved specimens.

If performing identification via genitalia, a mature male palp is needed to distinguish L. venusta from L. argyrobapta, as there are no reliable differences in female epigyna.(1)
L. argyra - Florida to Brazil
L. argyrobapta - Coastal southeastern US to Brazil
L. licina - West Indies, now in south Florida
L. venusta - USA, Canada
Works Cited
1.Species delimitation of the North American orchard-spider Leucauge venusta
Jesus A. Ballesteros & Gustavo Hormiga. 2018. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 121:183-197.