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Species Scopula quadrilineata - Four-lined Wave - Hodges#7165

7165, Scopula quadrilineata, Four-lined Wave - Scopula quadrilineata Four-lined Wave - Hodges#7165 - Scopula quadrilineata Scopula quadrilineata? - Scopula quadrilineata Scopula quadrilineata? - Scopula quadrilineata Scopula quadrilineata - male - female Scopula quadrilineata - female Scopula quadrilineata - male Four-lined Wave - Scopula quadrilineata
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Subfamily Sterrhinae
Tribe Scopulini
Genus Scopula
Species quadrilineata (Four-lined Wave - Hodges#7165)
Hodges Number
7165
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Scopula quadrilineata (Packard, 1876)
Acidalia quadrilineata Packard, 1876
Size
wingspan about 20-22 mm, based on two Internet photos
Identification
Adult: forewing white with 3 or 4 faint yellowish transverse lines and pale gray speckling; PM line almost straight, touching costa near apex; hindwing similar in pattern and color
Range
Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan and adjacent areas of United States, south in the east to North Carolina; also recorded in British Columbia
See Also
Simple Wave (Scopula junctaria) forewing PM line irregular or "wiggly", not straight
Print References
Packard, A.S. 1876. A Monograph of the Geometrid Moths or Phalaenidae of the United States, in F.V. Hayden Report of the Geological Survey of the Territories. 10: 345, plate 10, fig. 64. (1)
Internet References
pinned adult image and photos of related species by Jim Vargo (Moth Photographers Group)
distribution in Canada; list of provinces of occurrence (CBIF)
insectsofiowa.com - species records
Works Cited
1.A Monograph of the Geometrid or Phalaenidae of the United States.
A. S. Packard. 1876. United States Geological Survey of the Territories 10: 1-599.
2.North American Moth Photographers Group
3.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems