Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Explanation of Names
venusta - Latin for beautiful
3 spp. in the genus n. of Mex.
Female body length 5.5 - 7.5 mm
Male body length 3.5 - 4.0 mm (1)
Slightly elongated abdomen marked with silver, yellow, black, green, and bright orange or pink spots. Spins its web at an angle and hangs in the center.(1)
Cephalothorax yellowish green, striped with brown along sides. Abdomen silvery above with dark stripes; sides yellow with red spot near tip, and red spot underneath. (enature.org
The thing that catches our [JJB] eye about the very similar L. argyra (below, left) is that the three lines on the back run parallel only about halfway across the back when the outer two suddenly bend inward before flowing parallel once again to the end of the abdomen. L. venusta (below, right) is variable, but seems to have a single line that branches out into three about a quarter of the way which then flow parallel to the back. There's probably something much more importantly different, but we haven't noticed it yet. See
Continuing this discussion, we find that venusta
has narrow black stripes, much less black on the sides and rear and instead often has much green or yellow or even those two extra large orange/red spots that were used to identify the formerly separated Mabel's Orchard Orbweaver. The underside has a large yellow to orange smile-shaped spot and the end of the abdomen is often filled with many variously colored and sized spots, giving an overall sense of color and not black. And it seems not unusual to see quite clearly on images of venusta
a delightful fringe edge on the inner back legs, which we haven't seen yet on images of argyra
(though we assume it's possible that it is there, too.) See a similar discussion on L. argyra here
. Examine these 10 images of Leucauge venusta
USA, Canada. Southern and southeastern specimens (outside FL) are possibly L. argyrobapta, which occurs from FL south to Brazil.
Woodlands. Builds in low shrubs or small trees, close to the ground.
egg mass is attached to leaves and twigs near web; spiderlings disperse and spin own webs
(see discussion of differences in Identification section above).
Males look similar to Neriene litigiosa
Walckenaer, C.A. 1841. Histoire naturelle des Insects. Aptères. Paris, 2: 1-549.
Ballesteros, J. A. & Hormiga, G. (2018). Species delimitation of the North American orchard-spider Leucauge venusta (Walckenaer, 1841) (Araneae, Tetragnathidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 121: 183-197
- live adult images by Emily Earp and Josh Hillman, plus taxonomy and common name references [Orhard Orbweaver, Orchard Spider]
live adult image
[by E.R. Degginger] plus common name reference [Venusta Orchard Spider] and other info (enature.org)
synonym and distribution
(Norman Platnick, The World Spider Catalog, American Museum of Natural History)