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Species Paropomala wyomingensis - Wyoming Toothpick Grasshopper

Wyoming Toothpick Grasshopper - Paropomala wyomingensis - female Toothpick hopper - Paropomala wyomingensis - female Paropomala? - Paropomala wyomingensis - female Parabacillus? - Paropomala wyomingensis - female Wyoming toothpick grasshopper - Male - Paropomala wyomingensis - male Wyoming Toothpick Grasshopper? - Paropomala wyomingensis - female Wyoming Toothpick Grasshopper? - Paropomala wyomingensis - female Wyoming Toothpick Grasshopper - Paropomala wyomingensis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Gomphocerinae (Slant-faced Grasshoppers)
No Taxon (Mermiria Group - Toothpick Grasshoppers)
Genus Paropomala
Species wyomingensis (Wyoming Toothpick Grasshopper)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Mesops wyomingensis C. Thomas, 1871. Type locality: Valentine, Nebraska
Paropomala wyomingensis (C. Thomas) S.H. Scudder 1899
Identification
Small (under 2 inch), very slender "toothpick" grasshopper with large head. Head is approximately 1.3 times longer than pronotum and wider than rest of body (head is approaches twice as long as pronotum in related Prorocorypha snowi). Coloration green, brown, grey, or a combination, with a narrow white stripe on side of face and pronotum that runs below eye, just clipping it (white stripe, when present includes much of eye in P. pallida & virgata, though eye itself may be darker). Broad dark stripe above white stripe is wide and includes eye (narrower than eye in P. pallida & virgata). Antennae thick, sword-shaped and roughly as long as head and pronotum together. Tegmina (front wings) are blunt at tip, and usually do not reach end of hind femur (but vary occasionally to longer). There are no "spines" pointing back from the "knee" of the hind leg. There is a low tubercle on the prosternum between the front legs but it is low and not prominent. The conical subgenital plate at the tip of the male abdomen is roughly as long as two abdominal segments (much shorter in P. virgata & P. pallida, and much longer in Prorocorypha snowi.

Males are much smaller than females. In many areas most males are brown and most females are green, but both genders vary in color.
Range
Wyoming and western South Dakota south to central Mexico and southern California.
Habitat
Primarily patches of mid-height grasses (mostly between 1 and 2 ft tall) in slightly moist areas such as roadsides, depressions, arroyos, streamsides, etc. These are usually within drier open short grassland, shrubland, or desert areas, sometimes open woodlands in mountains.
Season
Overwinters as eggs; adults late spring to frost; in most areas most common in July and August.
Food
presumed to be Grasses and perhaps other related monocots.
Remarks
Often this species is very abundant within restricted habitats, yet it is uncommonly noticed.