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TaxonomyBrowse
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Genus Proxenus

Proxenus miranda Proxenus miranda Noctuidae: Proxenus miranda? - Proxenus mendosa Noctuidae: Proxenus mendosa? - Proxenus mendosa Noctuidae: Proxenus - Proxenus mendosa Crambidia? - Proxenus miranda Miranda Moth (Proxenus miranda)  - Proxenus miranda Proxenus mindara? - Proxenus miranda
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Caradrinini
Subtribe Athetiina
Genus Proxenus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Athetis
Proxenus was designated a junior synonym of Athetis by Robert Poole in 1989 (Butterflies and Moths of the World) but it appears that other sources disagree with Poole's action, as a number of web sites continue to treat Proxenus as a valid genus, including the All-Leps site, the taxonomic reference that BugGuide follows.
Numbers
3 species in North America listed at All-Leps
3 species in Canada (CBIF)
Size
wingspan 23-27 mm (in P. miranda)
Identification
Adult: forewing variably dark gray or blackish to light brown (depending on species); antemedial (AM) and postmedial (PM) lines usually absent, sometimes faint and inconspicuous in P. miranda; hindwing whitish, shading to gray near outer margin in two species
Range
throughout North America except Florida and the gulf states, Newfoundland, and the arctic
also represented in Eurasia and Australia
Habitat
wooded areas, meadows, gardens, suburban yards; adults are nocturnal and come to light
Season
adults fly from March to October in the south; June to August in the north (Alberta)
Food
larvae of P. miranda feed on the leaves of cantaloupe, dandelion, sugar beet, strawberry, sweet potato, and have also been found under matted alfalfa
Life Cycle
two generations per year; one generation (and sometimes a partial second generation) in the north
Internet References
pinned adult images of all 3 species in North America (CBIF)
distribution in Canada list of provinces for each species (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)
list of species plus classification, type localities, references (Markku Savela, FUNET)