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Species Cenopis directana - Chokecherry Leafroller - Hodges#3722

Chokecherry Leafroller  - Cenopis directana unknown moth - Cenopis directana Chokecherry Leafroller - Cenopis directana Chokecherry Leafroller  - Cenopis directana Tortricinae, wad of leaves - Cenopis directana Tortricinae, lateral - Cenopis directana Tortricinae, dorsal - Cenopis directana - male Chokecherry Leafroller - Cenopis directana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Sparganothini
Genus Cenopis
Species directana (Chokecherry Leafroller - Hodges#3722)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Cenopis directana (Walker, 1863)
Teras directana Walker, 1863 (1)
Sparganothis directana
Cenopis quercana Fernald, 1882 (2)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin directus meaning "direct, arranged in lines, laid straight," referring to the "numerous minute transverse darker streaks" on the forewings. (1)
Powell & Opler (2009) reported the forewing length 8-10 mm. (3)
Adult: forewing dull orange with dull reddish diagonal AM and PM lines and diffuse/stippled reddish shading beyond PM line (forming a triangular patch across apex); very little contrast between red and orange color, and no net-like reticulations in median or basal areas of wing; hindwing light yellowish-orange.
Heppner (2003) reported the range to include Ontario to Florida(4), Saskatchewan to Texas. (5)
Reported from California(6), Montana and Colorado.
Heppner (2003) reported March to June. (5)
Larvae are leafrollers on a variety of plant families and have been recorded on chokecherry, shrubby blackberry, Blue Ridge blueberry, grape, white spruce, apple walnut, paper birch, cotton and serviceberry. (7)
See Also
The forewing of other Sparganothis species have more contrast between red and orange color and/or a different pattern of lines and/or net-like reticulations in median or basal areas of wing.
Print References
Powell, J.A. & J.W. Brown, 2012. The Moths of North America, Fascicle 8.1. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, p. 105; pl. D.27-32. (8)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, p. 154; plate 19, fig. 12. (3)
Walker, F., 1863. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part XXVIII – Tortricites and Tineites. British Museum (Natural History), p.309. (1)
Works Cited
1.List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part XXVIII – Tortricites and Tineites
Francis Walker. 1863. British Museum (Natural History), p.287-561.
2.Descriptions of new species of Tortricidae.
Charles Henry Fernald. 1882. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 10: 65-72.
3.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
4.Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Florida
5.Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas: Lepidoptera of Florida
J.B. Heppner. 2003. Florida Department of Agriculture 17(1): 1-670.
6.Essig Museum of Entomology, California Moth Species List
7.HOSTS - The Hostplants and Caterpillars Database
8.The Moths of North America north of Mexico Fascicle 8.1 Sparganothini and Atteriini
Jerry A. Powell & John W. Brown. 2012. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
9.North American Moth Photographers Group