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Subfamily Emesinae - Thread-legged Bugs

SP - Emesaya brevipennis stick insect - Emesaya 2018-09-21 Not-a-mosquito assassin bug - Empicoris errabundus Thread-legged Bug nymph? - Emesaya brevipennis Assassin bug nymph? - Empicoris Emesaya brevipennis Assassin Bug  - Stenolemus Barce fraterna? - Barce fraterna
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Family Reduviidae (Assassin Bugs)
Subfamily Emesinae (Thread-legged Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
revised in (1)
treated as a separate family (Ploiariidae) in (2)
Explanation of Names
Emesinae Amyot & Serville 1843
Numbers
>60 spp. in 14 genera in our area(3), >900 spp. in ~90 genera total
Tribe Emesini: Emesa (1) · Gardena (2) · Stenolemoides (1) · Stenolemus (4)
Tribe Leistarchini: Ploiaria (14)
Tribe Metapterini: Barce (6) · Metapterus (6) · Pseudometapterus (3) · Emesaya (5) · Ghilianella (1) · Pseudometyapterus (3) · Ischnonyctes (1)
Tribe Ploiariolini: Emesopsis (1) · Empicoris (14)
Size
3-40 mm, usually under 10mm(4)(5)
Identification
Unlike walking-sticks and some dipterans they mimic, the Emesinae walk on the rear four legs: the front legs are modified for grasping prey(1)
McAtee & Malloch 1925 revision(6) has retained its importance;
Range
worldwide
Habitat
Barns, cellars and old buildings; beneath loose bark, in tufts of grass or brush piles; largely nocturnal, some live in spider webs(2)(7)(4)(5)
Food
other insects or spiders; some steal prey from spider webs(4)(7)(1)
Works Cited
1.A monograph of the Emesinae (Reduviidae, Hemiptera)
Pedro W. Wygodzinsky. 1966. New York : [American Museum of Natural History].
2.A Field Guide to Insects
Richard E. White, Donald J. Borror, Roger Tory Peterson. 1998. Houghton Mifflin Co.
3.Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs of Canada and the Continental United States
Thomas J. Henry, Richard C. Froeschner. 1988. Brill Academic Publishers.
4.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.
5.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223−263.
6.Revision of the American bugs of the reduviid subfamily Ploiariinae
McAtee W.L., Malloch J.R. 1925. Proc. U.S.N.M. 67: 1-135.
7.Kaufman Field Guide to Insects of North America
Eric Eaton, Kenn Kaufman. 2006. Houghton Mifflin.