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Species Synchlora frondaria - Southern Emerald Moth - Hodges#7059

Southern Emerald Moth - Hodges#7059 - Synchlora frondaria Geometrid - Synchlora frondaria Emerald caterpillar - Synchlora frondaria Southern Emerald Moth life cycle  - Synchlora frondaria - female Southern Emerald Moth  - Synchlora frondaria 5-human habitation  - Synchlora frondaria 7059  - Synchlora frondaria - male Moth to porch light  - Synchlora frondaria - female
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Subfamily Geometrinae (Emeralds)
Tribe Synchlorini
Genus Synchlora
Species frondaria (Southern Emerald Moth - Hodges#7059)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Synchlora frondaria Guenée, [1858](1)
Geometra frondaria
Aplodes frondaria
Phylogenetic sequence # 207425
There are twelve named species of Synchlora in America north of Mexico. (2),(1)
Wingspan about 15 mm. (1)
Larva - A variable twig mimic. Larvae take on the colors of their host plant and employ decorative crypsis by attaching plant material to themselves. (3)
Larval abdomen tip, with hooks:
Southern USA; Central and South America; Greater & Lesser Antilles.
Moth Photographers Group - large map with some distribution data.
Larval foodplants include sunflower, Bidens, Rudbeckia sp., and others.
Life Cycle
Larva; Larva; Larva; Cocoon; Cocoon; Cocoon; Adult Female; Adult Male:
See Also
Synchlora aerata - Wavy-lined Emerald; also has the white stripe on the dorsal of the abdomen, but smoother transverse lines:

Compare on the pinned plates of Moth Photographers Group.
Print References
Ferguson, D.C. 1969. A revision of the moths of the subfamily Geometrinae of America north of Mexico (Insecta, Lepidoptera). Peabody Museum Nat. Hist. Bulletin 29:154-155
Ferguson, D.C. 1985. The Moths of America North of Mexico Fascicle 18.1. Geometroidea, Geometridae (Part), Geometrinae. p.85. pl.3.67-72 (1)
Works Cited
1.The Moths of America North of Mexico Fascicle 18.1. Geometroidea, Geometridae (Part), Geometrinae
Douglas C. Ferguson . 1985. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
2.North American Moth Photographers Group
3.The double cloak of invisibility: phenotypic plasticity and larval decoration in a geometrid moth, ...
M. R. Canfield, S. Chang, N. E. Pierce . 2009. Ecological Entomology 34: 412–414 .