Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Apotomis removana - Green Aspen Leafroller - Hodges#2768


Guide to the Olethreutine moths of midland North America (Tortricidae).
By William E. Miller
United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook 660: 1-104, 1987

Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States, An Identification Guide
By Gilligan, Todd M., Donald J. Wright, and Loran D. Gibson
Ohio Biological Survey, P.O. Box 21370, Columbus, Ohio 43221-0370, 2008
A very useful book for those interested in Olethreutine moths. Covers 306 species with color photos of adults, life history information, flight periods, distribution, and microphotos of male and female genitalia. Many of the included species occur in a wider area than the midwestern states.

Immigrant Tortricidae: Holarctic versus Introduced Species in North America
By Gilligan, T.M., J.W. Brown, J, Baixeras
Insects, 11(9), 594: 1-59., 2020
Gilligan, T.M., J.W. Brown, J, Baixeras, 2020. Immigrant Tortricidae: Holarctic versus Introduced Species in North America. Insects, 11(9), 594: 1-59. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11090594

Abstract: In support of a comprehensive update to the checklist of the moths of North America, we attempt to determine the status of 151 species of Tortricidae present in North America that may be Holarctic, introduced, or sibling species of their European counterparts. Discovering the natural distributions of these taxa is often difficult, if not impossible, but several criteria can be applied to determine if a species that is present in both Europe and North America is natively Holarctic, introduced, or represented by different but closely related species on each continent.

New records of leaf-mining Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) in North America, with the description of a new species of Grapholita
By Eiseman, C.S., K.A. Austin, J.A. Blyth & T.S. Feldman
Zootaxa, 4748(3): 514–530., 2020
Eiseman, C.S., K.A. Austin, J.A. Blyth & T.S. Feldman, 2020. New records of leaf-mining Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) in North America, with the description of a new species of Grapholita. Zootaxa, 4748(3): 514–530. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4748.3.6

Biological and taxonomic studies on Tortricine moths, ....
By Jerry A. Powell
University of California Publications in Entomology , 1964
Biological and Taxonomic Studies on Tortricine Moths, with reference to the species in California Vol. 32, 1-317.

Variation in the female frenulum in Tortricidae (Lepidoptera). Part 3. Tortricinae
By Sabrina Monsalve, Sabrina, Jason Dombroskie, Jason & H. Y. Lam, Winnie & Rota, Jadranka.
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 113: 335-370, 2011
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Discovery of two new species and genera of shaggy tortricids related to Synnoma and Niasoma (Tortricidiae: Sparganothini).
By Jerry A. Powell
Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 24(1): 61-71, 1985
Powell, J.A., 1985. Discovery of two new species and genera of shaggy tortricids related to Synnoma and Niasoma (Tortricidiae: Sparganothini). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 24(1): 61-71.

Revision of the genus Lorita Busck (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Cochylini), with a description of a new species.
By Michael G. Pogue
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 90(4): 440-457, 1988
Pogue, M.G., 1988. Revision of the genus Lorita Busck (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Cochylini), with a description of a new species. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 90(4): 457.