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Genus Battus

Polydamus - Battus polydamas - female ovipositing Polydamas - Battus polydamas - female Black butterfly - Battus philenor - male  Pipevine Swallowtail  - Battus philenor Pipevine swallowtail caterpillar - Battus philenor Poisonous looking caterpillar  - Battus philenor Papilio?? - Battus philenor black swallowtail - Battus philenor
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Papilionidae (Swallowtails, Parnassians)
Subfamily Papilioninae
Tribe Troidini (Birdwings, Cattlehearts and Aristolochia Swallowtails)
Genus Battus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
First described in 1777 by Giovanni Antonio Scopoli
Explanation of Names
Battus is probably from Greek battos (βαττος), which literally means "one who stammers", but is also the name of several figures in ancient Greek mythology and history, see, for instance, Wikipedia.
Numbers
Two North American species: philenor and polydamas. (There are 12 species throughout neotropics--EDIS.)
Internet References
Introductio ad historiam naturalem, p.433    Scopoli's original description of the genus (in Latin)