Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

See Moth submissions from National Moth Week 2023

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Previous events


Species Euxoa messoria - Reaper Dart - Hodges#10705

Reaper Dart Moth - Euxoa messoria Reaper Dart - Euxoa messoria unkn. moth - Euxoa messoria 10705 – Euxoa messoria – Reaper Dart - Euxoa messoria reaper dart - Euxoa messoria Noctuidae: Euxoa messoria - Euxoa messoria Noctuidae: Euxoa messoria - Euxoa messoria Euxoa messoria (Reaper Dart) 93-3319 - Euxoa messoria
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Noctuini
Subtribe Agrotina
Genus Euxoa
No Taxon (Subgenus Longivesica)
Species messoria (Reaper Dart - Hodges#10705)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
Dark-sided Cutworm (larva)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Euxoa messoria (Harris, 1841)
described in 1841 by Harris, who originally placed it in genus Agrotis
15 synonyms listed but none more recent than 1926.
Phylogenetic sequence #933319
Wingspan 32-36 mm.
Adult: forewing brownish-gray with black double scalloped AM and PM lines; reniform and orbicular spots same color as ground color with black perimeter; subterminal line pale, irregular; some dark shading in terminal area, especially about midway along outer margin; hindwing mostly white with dark veins, dark terminal line, and pale fringe.
Newfoundland to Yukon, south to California, New Mexico, and North Carolina.
Moth Photographers Group - large range map with some collection locations and dates.
Open grasslands, cultivated areas, clearings; adults are nocturnal and come to light and sugar bait.
Larvae feed on leaves of apple, cultivated vegetables and flowers, and various other plants.
Life Cycle
One generation per year; overwinters as an egg.
See Also
Scholastic Dart (Euxoa scholastica) is very similar but forewing has dark subterminal line and no dark shading in terminal area, and hindwing is uniformly dark; scholastica is uncommon to rare within its range, it does not occur west of Ontario and Wisconsin, and its larval foodplants are unknown
Internet References
University of Alberta E. H. Strickland Entomological Museum - pinned adult images, habitat, fight season, description, biology.
Moth Photographers Group and photos of related species.
species account including live adult images, description, flight season, larval foodplants (Lynn Scott, Ontario)
presence in North Carolina; PDF doc including description, flight season, distribution, pinned adult image (Michael Pogue, Zootaxa,
presence in California; list of 32 specimen records with dates and locations (U. of California at Berkeley)
distribution in Canada; list of provinces and territories of occurrence (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)