s. TX / ne. Mex. (2)
(north to College Station, Brazos Co., TX)
Primary hosts: Huisache (Acacia farnesiana
) and Tepeguaje (Leucaena leucocephala
) (Rodríguez-del-Bosque and Garza-Cedillo); will also girdle mesquite, retama, ebony and citrus. (2)
Females, with their elongate mandibles:
girdle tree branches that can be surprisingly thick:
The girdled branch usually breaks from its own weight:
The female makes bites into the branch distal to the girdle and lays eggs into those bite sites:
The developing larvae make galleries in the dead wood:
High, M.M. 1915. The huisache girdler. USDA Bulletin 184: 1–9.
Hovore, F.T. & R.L. Penrose 1982. Notes on Cerambycidae coinhabiting girdles of Oncideres pustulata LeConte. Southwestern Naturalist, 27(1): 23 - 27.
LeConte J.L. 1854. Notice of some coleopterous insects, from the collections of the Mexican Boundary Commission. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 7: 79-85.
Neck, R.W. 1988. Utilization of Australian pine (Casuarina glauca) as a larval foodplant by Oncideres pustulatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in deep southern Texas. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 42(1): 84-86.
Rice, M.E. 1986. Winter mortality of Oncideres pustulatus LeConte (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) larvae induced by freezing temperatures. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 59: 423-427.
Rice, M.E. 1989. Branch girdling and oviposition biology of Oncideres pustulatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) on Acacia farnesiana. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 82: 181-186.
Rodríguez-del-Bosque, L.A. 2004. An outbreak of Oncideres pustulata (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in northern Tamaulipas, Mexico: Damage, distribution, and host plants. Southwestern Entomologist 29: 309-311.
Rodríguez-del-Bosque, L.A. 2013. Feeding and survival of Oncideres pustulata (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) adults on Acacia farnesiana and Leucaena leucocephala (Fabaceae). Southwestern Entomologist 38(3): 487-498.
Rodriguez-del-Bosque, L.A., and R.D. Garza-Cedillo. 2008. Survival, emergence, and damage by Oncideres pustulata (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) on huisache and leucaena (Fabaceae) in Mexico. Southwestern Entomologist 33: 209–217.