Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

Discussion of 2018 gathering

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington


Subfamily Entiminae - Broad-nosed Weevils

Oedophrys hilleri - Pseudoedophrys hilleri Weevil - Calomycterus setarius Polydrusus impressifrons - Polydrusus formosus Big Galeta Weevil - Eucyllus saesariatus Brachystylus microphthalmus Champion - Brachystylus microphthalmus Broad-nosed Weevil - Panscopus abruptus unknown, Weevil of some sort - Ophryastes Citrus Root Weevil - Diaprepes abbreviatus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Curculionoidea (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Family Curculionidae (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Subfamily Entiminae (Broad-nosed Weevils)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Brachyderinae, Leptopiinae, Otiorhynchinae, Tanymecinae, Thylacitinae
Explanation of Names
Entiminae Schönherr 1823
the most diverse weevil subfamily in NA, with 124 genera in 23 tribes represented (hundreds of spp.)(1)(2); 54 tribes worldwide(3)
Rostrum (snout) at most about two times as long as wide, often considerably shorter. NB: members of other subfamilies (esp. Cossoninae, Scolytinae, and Lixinae) may have short snouts!
Antennae inserted dorsally (then diagnostic), or laterally. The first antennomere usually reaches or surpasses eyes when laid backwards (a rare case in other subfamilies)
Apical excision of the rostrum completely covered by the mentum, no submentum present (the defining character of the group, but only visible in a ventral view)
A quick pictorial guide here
tend to be polyphagous herbivores
Life Cycle
Larvae of the group generally live in soil and feed on roots. Eggs are dropped, laid on soil under plant, but never placed in plant tissues. Many spp. are parthenogenetic (several such lineages within the subfamily).
both the polyphagy and parthenogenesis greatly facilitate introduction/establishment of alien species -- see(4)
forms a distinctive clade with Cyclominae & Hyperinae(5)
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.Insects and Arachnids of Canada Series, Part 25. Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Entiminae.
Donald E. Bright, Patrice Bouchard. 2008. 2008. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
3.Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)
Bouchard P. et al. 2011. ZooKeys 88: 1–972.
4.List of non-native arthropods in North America. Part II
5.Bulk de novo mitogenome assembly from pooled total DNA elucidates the phylogeny of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea)
Gillett C.P.D.T., Crampton-Platt A., Timmermans M.J.T.N., Jordal B.H., Emerson B.C., Vogler A.P. 2014. Mol. Biol. Evol. 31: 2223-2237.