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Genus Marmara

Moth 06.23.2010 045 - Marmara White Pine Barkminer Moth - Marmara fasciella Marmara fasciella ? - Marmara fasciella Marmara fasciella? - Marmara fasciella moth - Marmara fasciella Gracillariidae, ventral - Marmara smilacisella Unknown moth in Alabama - Marmara Marmara
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Gracillarioidea (Ribbed Cocoon-maker and Leaf Blotch Miner Moths)
Family Gracillariidae (Leaf Blotch Miner Moths)
Subfamily Marmarinae
Genus Marmara
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Marmara Clemens, 1863; Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. 2: 6; TS: Marmara salictella Clemens
Synonym: Aesyle Chambers, 1875
Explanation of Names
Etymology not explicated by Clemens; the name is shared with Marmara Island and the surrounding Sea of Marmara connecting the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea. In antiquity, Marmara Island, then known as Proikonesos (Προικόνησος) was known for the white marble quarried there; the island’s modern name derives from the Greek for marble, marmaros (μάρμαρος). Clemens presumably took inspiration in naming the genus from the “froth-like globules, which resemble minute pearls,” with which the larva covers the exterior of the cocoon.
20 described species in North America and 5 in South America; numerous others remain undescribed.
Head vestiture is smooth, antennae basal joint thick. Labial palpi slender and moderately long, extending upward and outward, pointed.
Larvae of most species are stem/bark miners; a few mine in leaves or fruits.
Print References
Eiseman, Charles S., Donald R. Davis, Julia A. Blyth, David L. Wagner, Michael W. Palmer, and Tracy S. Feldman. 2017. A new species of Marmara (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae: Marmarinae), with an annotated list of known hostplants for the genus. Zootaxa 4337(2):198-222.
Internet References
Wikipedia - brief description and list of species
Moth photographers Group - images of pinned adults