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Species Marmara arbutiella - Hodges#0703

linear mine in madrone leaf - Marmara arbutiella Leaf Miner Moth 2 - Marmara arbutiella Leaf Miner Moth 2 - Marmara arbutiella Marmara arbutiella 0703 - Marmara arbutiella Marmara on Arbutus menziesii - Marmara arbutiella Marmara on Arbutus menziesii - Marmara arbutiella Marmara arbutiella Marmara arbutiella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Gracillarioidea (Ribbed Cocoon-maker and Leaf Blotch Miner Moths)
Family Gracillariidae (Leaf Blotch Miner Moths)
Subfamily Marmarinae
Genus Marmara
Species arbutiella (Marmara arbutiella - Hodges#0703)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Marmara arbutiella Busck, 1903
Phylogenetic sequence #020275
Known from Canada, Oregon, Washington, and California (1)
Larvae feed on Arbutus menziesii, Arbutus unedo and Arctostaphylos species. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine has the form of a very long, irregular, winding, serpentine mine just under the upper epidermis of the leaf.(1)
Life Cycle
There are three behaviorally and morphologically distinct larval forms: (1)
Hypermetamorphic with 6-8 legless sap-feeding and two non-feeding, structurally differentiated instars. The early instars are legless sap feeders.
The first of the non-feeding instars never issues from the cuticle of the previous (feeding) instar.
The second non-feeding stage is a fully legged, with rudimentary feeding structures and a functional spinneret. Upon issuing from the mine, this instar spins a cocoon that is elaborately decorated with clusters pearly bubbles that are extruded from its anus and then individually attached to the exterior of the cocoon.
Print References
Wagner, D. L.; J. L. Loose; T. D. Fitzgerald; J. A. de Benedicts & D. R. Davis. (2000). A hidden past: the hypermetamorphic development of Marmara arbutiella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93:59-64. (Full Text)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group – image of pinned adult (2)
BOLD Systems - images of pinned DNA supported specimens (3)
Wikipedia - brief description (1)
Research Gate. A Hidden Past: the Hypermetamorphic Development of Marmara arbutiella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Life cycle