Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Subfamily Labeninae


The Braconid and Icheumonid Wasps: Biology, Systematics, Evolution, and Ecology
By Quicke Donald L.J.
Wiley-Blackwell, 2014
A comprehensive book on the state of the science of Ichneumonidae as of December 2014 by a top researcher in the field (and lab).

Flowering Plant Hosts of Adult Hymenopteran Parasitoids of Central Illinois
By Tooker, J.F. and L.M. Hanks
Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 2000
A large comprehensive study involving 151 parasitoid species over several parasitoid families and records covering over 33 years of observation and over 15,000 insect visitors. Provides persuasive data that Apiaceae (the carrot family) is the plant family by far most widely used by parasitoid wasp adults for feeding.

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The genus Mymaromella (Hymenoptera: Mymarommatidae) in North America, with a key to described extant species
By J.T. Huber, G.A.P. Gibson, L.S. Bauer, H. Liu, M. Gates
Journal of Hymenoptera Research 17(2): 175-194, 2008

The Wasps
By Howard Ensign Evans, Mary Jane West Eberhard
University of Michigan Press, 1970
A readable reference on wasp biology. Out of print, sometimes can be found used.

Parasitic Wasps
By Donald L. J. Quicke
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997

Solitary Wasps: Behavior and Natural History (Cornell Series in Arthropod Biology)
By Kevin M. O'Neill
Comstock Publishing, 2000
Contains information concerning the behavior of a variety of solitary wasps (e.g. sphecid, pompilid, and vespid wasps). This is not, however, an identification guide and this book does not treat what are considered parasitic wasps (e.g. chalcid and ichneumon wasps). Includes a number of summarizing tables as well as case studies of particular species.

Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera
By Peters et al.
Current Biology 27: 1–6, 2017

The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica
By Paul E. Hanson and Ian D. Gauld, editors
Oxford University Press, 1995
A comprehensive treatment of the biology, systematics, and diversity of Hymenoptera in Costa Rica. Keys to superfamilies, families, subfamilies and in many cases, genera are included. Given the high level of biodiversity of Hymenoptera in Costa Rica in comparison to most areas of the world, this is a valuable reference book for students of Hymenoptera in any part of the world.