Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Forficula auricularia - European Earwig


Earwigs (Dermaptera) of South Carolina, with a key to the eastern North American species and a checklist of the North American..
By K.M. Hoffman
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 89 (1): 1-14, 1987
Full title: "Earwigs (Dermaptera) of South Carolina, with a key to the eastern North American species and a checklist of the North American fauna"

Can be found online here.

The earwigs of Kansas, with a key to genera north of Mexico (Insecta: Dermaptera)
By Engel M.S.
Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 106: 115-123, 2003
A key to earwig genera occurring north of Mexico; a brief overview of earwig biology, evolution, and higher classification; as well as the descriptions, images, and key to species occurring in Kansas are provided.

The Earwigs of California (Order Dermaptera)
By R.L. Langston & J.A. Powell
Bull. Calif. Insect Surv. 20: 1-25, 1975
Full text
Illustrated key to adults and detailed descriptions with data on biology and geographic distribution for species established in California (of which only one –-Vostox apicedentatus–- is native; an annotated list of accidental records of other intercepted spp. is provided).

New genera and species of Nearctic Neuropteroid insects.
By Banks, N.
Transactions of the American Entomological Society 26(3): 239-259., 1900
Full Text - JSTOR
Full Text - BHL

Banks, N. 1900. New genera and species of Nearctic Neuropteroid insects. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 26(3): 239-259.

Noteworthy records of orthopteroid and hemipteroid insects from southwestrn Saskatchewan and southeastern Alberta
By Larson D.J.
Ent. Soc. Sask. 33(2): 10-14, 2014
Full text

i thank Geoff Scudder for directing me towards this publication

Principles of Insect Morphology
By R. E. Snodgrass
McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1935
A classic reference work by one of the titans of the subject.

Can be read online at: https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.50045/page/n3

Phylogenomics and the evolution of hemipteroid insects
By Johnson K.P. et al.
PNAS, 2018

The insect microcosm of Western Juniper berries
By L. A. Dimitri, K. C. Tonkel, W. S. Longland, and B. G. Rector
Rangelands 36(3):8-11, 2014