Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Forficula auricularia - European Earwig


Earwigs (Dermaptera) of South Carolina, with a key to the eastern North American species and a checklist of the North American..
By K.M. Hoffman
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 89 (1): 1-14, 1987
Full title: "Earwigs (Dermaptera) of South Carolina, with a key to the eastern North American species and a checklist of the North American fauna"

Can be found online here.

The earwigs of Kansas, with a key to genera north of Mexico (Insecta: Dermaptera)
By Engel M.S.
Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 106: 115-123, 2003
A key to earwig genera occurring north of Mexico; a brief overview of earwig biology, evolution, and higher classification; as well as the descriptions, images, and key to species occurring in Kansas are provided.

The Earwigs of California (Order Dermaptera)
By R.L. Langston & J.A. Powell
Bull. Calif. Insect Surv. 20: 1-25, 1975
Full text
Illustrated key to adults and detailed descriptions with data on biology and geographic distribution for species established in California (of which only one –-Vostox apicedentatus–- is native; an annotated list of accidental records of other intercepted spp. is provided).

Insects of Latin America: A Photographic Guide
By Stephen Cresswell
Trox Press, 2016
Useful for species that also occur in our area, particularly in the souther US.

Annotated Checklist of the Neuropterida of Virginia (Arthropoda: Insecta)
By Oliver S. Flint, Jr.
Banisteria, number 45, pages 3-47, 2015

New genera and species of Nearctic Neuropteroid insects.
By Banks, N.
Transactions of the American Entomological Society 26(3): 239-259., 1900
Full Text - JSTOR
Full Text - BHL

Banks, N. 1900. New genera and species of Nearctic Neuropteroid insects. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 26(3): 239-259.

Noteworthy records of orthopteroid and hemipteroid insects from southwestrn Saskatchewan and southeastern Alberta
By Larson D.J.
Ent. Soc. Sask. 33(2): 10-14, 2014
Full text

i thank Geoff Scudder for directing me towards this publication

Principles of Insect Morphology
By R. E. Snodgrass
McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1935
A classic reference work by one of the titans of the subject.

Can be read online at: https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.50045/page/n3