Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

National Moth Week photos of insects and people. Here's how to add your images.

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 BugGuide Gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa


Subfamily Rogadinae - Mummy Wasps

chrysallis or cocoon? - Aleiodes Caterpillar on Woody Vine - Aleiodes Wasp - Aleiodes politiceps Unknown Braconid Wasp - Aleiodes - female Wasp - Aleiodes - female Halloween-colored braconid - Aleiodes politiceps Braconidae? - Aleiodes Rogadinae
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitoid Apocrita))
Superfamily Ichneumonoidea (Braconid and Ichneumonid Wasps)
Family Braconidae (Braconid Wasps)
Subfamily Rogadinae (Mummy Wasps)
Over 200 spp. in 9 genera in North America including Mexico.(1),(2)
1-8 mm
cyclostome "mouth." Also see this image.. As can be seen from these 2 images, the cyclostome mouth is defined by the dorso-ventrally short clypeus and the concave labrum, bordered ventrally by the mandibles.
In some, dorsal carina (ridge) running down the middle of the first metasomal tergite from anterior end, not always complete to posterior end.
Mummification of host remains. Here and here are examples of rogadine mummies.
Occipital carina present though not always complete at vertex of head.
Worldwide, wherever foliage-feeding Lepidoptera are found. Shaw, SR 1997.(3)
Lepidoptera larvae.
Life Cycle
Koinobiont endoparasitoid life cycle (See parasitoid life cycles).
Among the cyclostome subfamilies of Braconidae, this, along with the fly parasitoid subfamilies (Alysiinae and Opiinae) seem to be the only endoparasitoids.
By far the most speciose genus in Rogadinae is Aleiodes.
The mummy is the hardened, thickened skin of the last larval stage of the host before death. The rogadine parasitoid undergoes its pupal stage inside the mummy, using it as protective shelter.
Print References
Shaw, S.R. 1997. Subfamily Rogadinae. In Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, and M.J. Sharkey (eds.). 1997. Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). International Society of Hymenopterists. Washington DC
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.A Revision of the Tetrasphaeropyx Ashm. Lineage of the Genus Aleiodes Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Rogadinae)
Fortier, Joseph C. 2009. Magnolia Press.
3.Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera)
Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, M.J. Sharkey (Eds). 1997. International Society of Hymenopterists.