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Species Onthophagus taurus - Bull Headed Dung Beetle

Dung Beetle ?? - Onthophagus taurus Onthophagus taurus - male unknown beetle - Onthophagus taurus Canthon ? - Onthophagus taurus - female Onthophagus taurus - male Onthophagus taurus - male Onthophagus taurus (Schreber, 1759) - male - Onthophagus taurus - male Female dung beetle? - Onthophagus taurus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Scarabaeinae (Dung Beetles)
Tribe Onthophagini
Genus Onthophagus
Species taurus (Bull Headed Dung Beetle)
Explanation of Names
Onthophagus taurus (Schreber 1759)
6.0-11.5 mm(1)
Marked sexual dimorphism. Males have 2 horns:
native to w. Palaearctic; adventive in se. US (NH-FL to MO-?TX), intentionally released in CA (established)(1)(2)(3)(4)
Dung generalist
Life Cycle
Some females practice brood parasitism
earliest record in our area: FL 1971(1)
Works Cited
1.Adventive Onthophagus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in North America: geographic ranges, diagnoses, and new distributional records
Hoebeke E.R., Beucke K. 1997. Entomological News 108: 345–362.
2.Additional records of adventive Onthophagus Latreille (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in North America
MacRae T.C., Penn S.R. 2001. The Coleopterists Bulletin 55: 49–50.
3.University of New Hampshire Insect and Arachnid Collections
4.An annotated checklist of the Scarabaeoidea of Texas.
Edward G. Riley & Charles S. Wolfe. 2003. Southwestern Entomologist, Supplement. 37 pp.