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Species Pseudexentera cressoniana - Shagbark Hickory Leafroller - Hodges#3246

Shagbark Hickory Leafroller - Pseudexentera cressoniana Pseudexentera cressoniana - male Pennsylvania Moth - Pseudexentera cressoniana Unidentified moth - Pseudexentera cressoniana Unidentified moth - Pseudexentera cressoniana Pseudexentera cressoniana? - Pseudexentera cressoniana Pseudexentera cressoniana Pseudexentera cressoniana
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Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Pseudexentera
Species cressoniana (Shagbark Hickory Leafroller - Hodges#3246)
Hodges Number
3246
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Pseudexentera cressoniana (Clemens, 1864)
Hedya cressoniana Clemens, 1864 (1)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet in honor of entomologist Ezra Townsend Cresson (1838-1926).
Size
Wingspan 17-20 mm.
Forewing length 8-10 mm. (2)
Identification
Adult - forewing brownish-gray with slightly darker patch covering basal third of wing; several short oblique dashes along costa; overall color is more uniform than in other species of Pseudexentera; hindwing light grayish-brown, with darker shading at apex; fringe pale.
Range
Quebec and New York to Florida, west to Texas and at least Wisconsin. (2)
Food
Larvae feed on leaves of shagbark hickory (Carya ovata). (2)
Life Cycle
One generation per year; overwinters as a pupa.
Remarks
This is the type species of genus Pseudexentera. The type specimen was collected in Virginia. The type specimen of synonym P. caryana was collected in Ontario.
The common name Oak Leafroller is a misnomer based on the historic nomenclatural confusion of this species with Pseudexentera spoliana, whose larvae feed on leaves of oak.
Print References
Clemens, B, 1864. North American micro-lepidoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia, 3: 514. (1)
Works Cited
1.North American micro-lepidoptera.
Brackenridge Clemens. 1864. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia, 3(3): 505-520.
2.The Species of Pseudexentera (Tortricidae)
William E. Miller. 1986. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 40(3), 218-237.