Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Information, insects and people from the 2019 BugGuide Gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Species Catocala connubialis - Connubial Underwing - Hodges#8877

False Underwing or Underwing??? - Catocala connubialis underwing caterpillar - Catocala connubialis Connubial Underwing Moth - Catocala connubialis Catocala connubialis – Connubial Underwing Moth  - Catocala connubialis Connubial Underwing - Catocala connubialis Connubial Underwing - Catocala connubialis Connubial Underwing - Catocala connubialis Connubial Underwing - Catocala connubialis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species connubialis (Connubial Underwing - Hodges#8877)
Hodges Number
8877
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala connubialis Guenée, 1852 (1), (2), (3), (4)
Phalaena amasia Smith, 1797 (suppressed name) (5)
Catocala cordelia Hy. Edwards, 1880 (6), (3), (4)
Catocala sancta Hulst, 1884 (5), (4)
Catocala amasia var. virens French, 1886 (162)
Catocala connubialis form pulverulenta Brower, 1940 (138)
Catocala connubialis form pulverulenta form "broweri" J. Muller, 1960 (177)
Phylogenetic sequence #930858 (7)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin meaning "marriage, wedlock."
Numbers
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) listed 101 species of the genus Catocala in America north of Mexico. (7)
Powell & Opler (2009) reported 110 species in all of North America, and about 230 worldwide. (8)
Size
Wingspan 37-47 mm. (9)
Identification
Has several named variants or "forms" whose colors vary considerably; see image links in Internet References section below.

Range
Florida to Nova Scotia, west to Ontario, south to Texas. (9)
Lectotype male: "Amerique septentrionale." (10)
Season
Adults fly from late May to early September. Larvae in May and June.
Food
Larvae feed on leaves of: (11)
oak, particularly red oak (Quercus rubra).
common buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
chinaberry tree (Melia azedarach)
Life Cycle
One generation per year.
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.44; Pl.9, f.21. (3)
Covell, p. 316, plate 33 #17 & 18 (12)
Gall. L.F., 1992. Catocala connubialis Guenée, 1852 (Insecta, Lepidoptera): proposed conservation of the specific name. The Bulletin of zoological nomenclature 49(3): 196. (conserved)
Guenée A. & J.B. Boisduval, 1852. Vol. 7. Noctuélites, tome 3. Histoire naturelle des insectes. Spécies général des lépidoptères. Roret, Paris, 105. (1)
Internet References
pinned adult image of form "Broweri" (Harold Vermes, Massachusetts)
pinned adult image of form "Cordelia" (Harold Vermes, Massachusetts)
pinned adult image of form "Pulverulenta" (Harold Vermes, Massachusetts)
pinned adult image or form "Sancta", the typical form (CBIF)
live larva image (David Wagner and Valerie Giles, Caterpillars of Eastern Forests, USGS)
Works Cited
1. Histoire naturelle des insectes. Spécies général des lépidoptères. Vol. 7. Noctuélites, tome 3.
Achille Guenée & Jean Baptiste Boisduval. 1852. Roret, Paris, 441 pp.
2.On the North American species of Catocala.
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1872. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4: 1-20.
3.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
4.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) IV. Nomenclatorial stabilization of the ....
Lawrence Gall, David Hawks. 2010. Zookeys 39: 37-83.
5.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
6.Notes upon the genus Catocala, with descriptions of new varieties and species.
Henry Edwards. 1880. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 3(7): 53-62.
7.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
8.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
9.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala
10.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). III.
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 56(4): 234-264.
11.HOSTS - The Hostplants and Caterpillars Database
12.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
13.North American Moth Photographers Group
14.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems