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TaxonomyBrowse
Info
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Species Belonocnema treatae

Leaf galls on live oak - Belonocnema treatae Leaf galls on live oak - Belonocnema treatae  oak leaf galls - Belonocnema treatae Gall - Belonocnema treatae Gall - Belonocnema treatae ID Request - Belonocnema treatae Belonocnema treatae gall wasps on Texas Live Oak, Quercus fusiformis - Belonocnema treatae Belonocnema treatae gall wasps on Texas Live Oak, Quercus fusiformis - Belonocnema treatae
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitic Apocrita))
Superfamily Cynipoidea
Family Cynipidae (Gall Wasps)
Tribe Cynipini
Genus Belonocnema
Species treatae (Belonocnema treatae)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Belenocnema (!) Treatae Mayr, 1881
Dryorhizoxenus floridanus Ashmead, 1882
Belonocnema kinseyi Weld, 1921 - Lund et al. (1998) confirmed through rearing that this was the unisexual generation of B. treatae.
Range
Texas and Florida
Food
Texas live oak (Quercus fusiformis, formerly Q. virginiana var. fusiformis)
Life Cycle
Females of the bisexual generation induce leaf galls, from which unisexual females emerge. Unisexual females induce root galls (Lund et al. 1998).
Remarks
In the absence of reared adults, the galls in this section are assumed to belong to B. treatae solely based on their having been found in Texas. Similar galls in Florida could be from this species or B. quercusvirens.

Per Weld(1), adults of the two species are distinguished as follows:
B. quercusvirens - Spur on front tibia as long as metatarsus, twice as long as furcula. Middle tibia with distinct spur. Abdomen reaching far beyond apex of radial cell. No areolet.
B. treatae - Spur on front tibia one-fourth length of metatarsus, not longer than furcula. No spur on middle tibia. Abdomen reaching only to base of radial cell. Areolet present.
See Also
quercusvirens or treatae - further taxonomic confusion is explained
Print References
Lund, JoAnne N., James R. Ott, and Robert J. Lyon. 1998. Heterogony in Belonocnema treatae Mayr (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 100: 755–763.