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Species Protambulyx strigilis - Streaked Sphinx - Hodges#7818

Protambulyx sphinx - Protambulyx strigilis Streaked Sphinx - Protambulyx strigilis - female Streaked Sphinx - Protambulyx strigilis Brown Moth - Protambulyx strigilis Large Moth - Protambulyx strigilis Protambulyx strigilis Streaked Sphinx - Protambulyx strigilis Streaked Sphinx - Protambulyx strigilis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea (Silkworm, Sphinx, and Royal Moths)
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Smerinthinae
Tribe Smerinthini
Genus Protambulyx
Species strigilis (Streaked Sphinx - Hodges#7818)
Hodges Number
7818
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Protambulyx strigilis (Linnaeus)
Orig. Comb: Sphinx strigilis Linnaeus 1771
Carter's Sphinx - Protambulyx carteri Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 - Hodges #7819 is considered a syn of strigilis (1), but see Heppner (2008)
Explanation of Names
carteri - Patronym for Sir Gilbert Thomas Carter (1848-1927), who coll. the Type spmn in Nassau, Bahamas.
Numbers
the only species in the genus for America north of Mexico
Size
Wingspan 108-130 mm
Identification
,
Inner margin of forewing is indented. Upperside of forewing is pale yellowish gray in the pale form and reddish brown in the dark form. Both have a distinct submarginal line and a dark band along the indentation in the inner margin. Hindwing upperside of the pale form is deep golden orange with dark bands; dark form has orangish brown hindwing. Hindwing underside of both forms has irregular transverse lines, a distinct submarginal line, and a pale outer margin.
Range
mostly s. FL and a rare stray to s. TX / Mex. to S. Amer. / W. Indies - Map (MPG)
Season
year round in s. FL, Dec.-Jan. in s. TX (2), (BG data)
Food
Host plants are various woody plants in the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), primarily Brazilian peppertree - Schinus terebinthifolius
Larva also on Anacardium, Spondias, Erythroxylon, Comocladia (3)
Remarks
First US record of Protambulyx strigilis (Linnaeus) from Palm Beach, FL. (Barnes and McDunnough 1910)
Kimball (1965) reported only a few subsequent FL records, most of which he considered questionable. (2)
Note, Carter's Sphinx - Protambulyx carteri Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 has long been common in Florida. (2)
See Also
Print References
Barnes, W. and J.H. McDunnough. 1910. List of Sphingidae of America north of Mexico. Psyche 17(5): 190-206. Full Text
Covell,C. 1984. Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths. p. 36. (4)
Heppner, J.B. 2008. Florida Lepidoptera notes, 3. Protambulyx hawk moths in Florida (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Lepidoptera Novae, 1, 90-94
Hodges, R.W. 1971. MONA Fascicle 21. p. 78; pl. 6.10, 12.(3)
Rothschild, W. and K. Jordan, 1903. A revision of the Lepidopterous family Sphingidae. Novit. Zool. 9(suppl.)(1): 1-813. Full PDF
Tuttle, J.P. 2007. Hawk Moths of North America. p. 112; pl. 10.1, 6, 8. (1)
Works Cited
1.The Hawk Moths of North America, A Natural History Study of the Sphingidae of the United States and Canada.
James P Tuttle. 2007. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation Inc.
2.The Lepidoptera of Florida: An Annotated Checklist.
Charles P. Kimball. 1965. Florida Dept. of Ag. Gainesville, FL. v + 363 pp.
3.The Moths of America North of Mexico Fascicle 21 Sphingidae
Ronald W. Hodges. 1971. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
4.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.