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Species Neodiprion sertifer - European Pine Sawfly

European Pine Sawfly larvae? - Neodiprion sertifer Sawfly larvae on Red Pine - Neodiprion sertifer European Pine Sawfly - Neodiprion sertifer Sawfly larvae on jack pine - Neodiprion sertifer Caterpillar - Neodiprion sertifer European pine sawfly - Neodiprion sertifer - female Sawfly larvae? - Neodiprion sertifer Neodiprion sertifer larvae - Neodiprion sertifer
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Symphyta" - Sawflies, Horntails, and Wood Wasps)
Family Diprionidae (Conifer Sawflies)
Genus Neodiprion
Species sertifer (European Pine Sawfly)
Explanation of Names
Neodiprion sertifer (Geoffroy 1785)
Range
native to Europe, adventive in NA
Food
Feeds on: mugho and table top pines. It also feeds on Scotch, red, Jack, and Japanese pines. It rarely feeds on white, Austrian, Ponderosa, shortleaf and pitch pines.
Life Cycle
Usually only one generation per year.
Prefers to oviposit on pine trees with high resin acid content as it provides protection from natural enemies. The regurgitated resin serves as an effective defense against parasitoids.(1)
Overwinters as an egg(2)
Eggs are laid on clusters near the end of a branch. 6-8 eggs are laid in a single needle and about 10-12 needles in a single cluster are targeted. The larvae feed gregariously on previous year's foliage and devour all the needles before moving to the next branch. New needles are never eaten but larvae may feed on bark of new shoots. Full-grown larvae either drop to the ground and spin tough, light to dark golden brown cocoons in the duff or they spin them in protected locations on the tree. Pupation occurs in early Sept to late fall.
Remarks
Earliest record in our area: NJ 1925
During the late 1930s and 1940s, 2 European parasites were established in NJ. One was Dahlbominus fuscipennis and the other was Exenterus abruptorius. Neither species has provided adequate control.(2)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Insect Ecology: Behavior, Populations and Communities
P. W. Price, R. F. Denno, M. D. Eubanks. 2011. Cambridge University Press.
2.Eastern Forest Insects
Whiteford L. Baker. 1972. U.S. Department of Agriculture · Forest Service.
3.Ohio State University Extension fact sheets
4.Forest invasive alien species (Canadian Forest Service)